Rocket Launch Sites
Svobodny, Russia
51° 42′ 0″ N, 128° 0′ 0″ E

Svobodny (Russian: Свобо́дный) is a Russian rocket launch site used since 1996 and located in the Amur Oblast. Geographical location: [show location on an interactive map] 51°42′N, 128°00′E. Originally constructed as a launch site for intercontinental ballistic missiles, it was planned as a replacement for Baikonur Cosmodrome, which became a foreign territory after the collapse of the Soviet Union, but the development was not finished because of financial difficulties. Since 1997 rockets have been launched off launchers of the Start-1 type. Certain launch sites can be modified for rockets of the Rockot (SS-19 based) class.

Only five launches have taken place at the underused Svobodny site. In 2005, after the lease renewal of the Baikonur Cosmodrome, the Russian Space Agency decided they did not require a second space launch complex, and ordered Svobodny closed.

However, despite this order, the complex launched the Israeli Eros B Satellite on April 25, 2006 aboard a Start class rocket. Plans were to launch again at the site in the months following.

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