Kirtland AFB
Phillips Lab
Particle Accelerator
Particle Beam Weapons Research
Data Report of Hypervelocity Micro-Particle Impact Light Flash Data and MOS Impact Detector Output.

Accession Number : ADA296741
Title :   Data Report of Hypervelocity Micro-Particle Impact Light Flash Data and MOS Impact Detector Output.
Descriptive Note : Final rept. May 94-May 95,
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Personal Author(s) : Serna, Patrick J.
Report Date : JUN 1995
Pagination or Media Count : 124

Abstract : A series of hypervelocity impact tests were conducted at the Max-Plank Institut fur Kernphysik, Heidelberg, Germany using the Institut's 2 MV Van De Graaff micro-particle accelerator. The purpose of this experimental effort was to collect impact flash data resulting from hypervelocity impact events. The results of these test experiments are to be correlated with actual waveforms obtained from on-orbit systems. Furthermore, these experimental results will supplement ongoing theoretical predictions being conducted within the Phillips Laboratory by the Space Kinetic Impact/Debris Branch (pLJWSCD). This report only describes the instrumentation configuration and presents data collected from light flash measurements and a MOS micro-particle impact detector. An analysis of the acquired light flash data is contained in a separate report authored by Allahdadi, Medina, Serna, and Long. Iron particles in the mass range of 1 x 10 to the -15th to 8 x 10 to the -18th kg were accelerated to velocities between 7 and 38 km/sec. Three targets were used for these impact test: spacecraft optical lens, spacecraft optical sunshade, and MOS spacecraft micro-particle impact detector. The hypervelocity particle impacted the lens and micro-particle impact detector targets normal to the target surface. The sunshade was impacted at a 25 degree angle measured from the particle direction of flight. (MM)


Subject Categories : EXPLOSIONS

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE
Members of the public may purchase hardcopy documents from the National Technical Information Service. 

Scaling studies of collective ion acceleration with intense relativistic electron beams

This document is not available electronically via this database.
Title  Scaling studies of collective ion acceleration with intense relativistic electron beams
Creator/Author  Miller, R.B. ; Straw, D.C.
Publication Date 1975 Jun 01
OSTI Identifier OSTI ID: 4176162
Other Number(s) CODEN: IETNA
Resource Type Conference
Resource Relation IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci., v. NS-22, no. 3, pp. 1022-1025; Particle accelerator conference; 12 Mar 1975; Washington, District of Columbia, USA; See CONF-750335--
Research Org Air Force Weapons Lab., Kirtland AFB, NM
Subject N54400 --Particle Accelerators--Ion Optics & Field Calculations; 430200 --Particle Accelerators--Beam Dynamics, Field Calculations & Ion Optics; COLLECTIVE ACCELERATORS-- BEAM DYNAMICS;BEAM CURRENTS;DRIFT TUBES;ELECTRON BEAMS;GASES;ION BEAMS;MEV RANGE 10-100;PRESSURE DEPENDENCE;PROTON BEAMS;RELATIVISTIC RANGE;SPACE CHARGE
Description/Abstract  Abstract Not Provided
Country of Publication United States
Language English
System Entry Date 2001 Jun 03

Introducing the Particle-Beam Weapon

Dr. Richard M. Roberds

Richard M. Roberds (B.A., M.S., University of Kansas; Ph.D., Air Force Institute of Technology) is Associate Professor and Head of the Engineering Technology Department at Clemson University. He is a retired Air Force colonel and was the first technical program manager of the Air Force particle-beam technology program, serving in that capacity from September 1975 until July 1977 at the Air Force Weapons Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico. Colonel Roberds is a Distinguished Graduate of Air Command and Staff College and a graduate of the Industrial College of the Armed Forces.


The Air Force Office of Scientific Research, AFRL AFOSR

Dr. Robert J. Barker

Dr. Barker is AFOSR's program manager for plasma physics in the Directorate of Physics and Electronics. He is an internationally recognized expert in the fields of plasma physics, microwave generation, and computational physics. His stature led Dr. Robert Trew, the Department of Defense's Director of Research, to publicly state "Bob Barker is the champion for plasma physics within the DOD." Dr. Barker's technical expertise has benefited numerous Air Force and Navy Research and Development programs on such topics as low observables, high power microwave (HPM) generation, chemical/biological decontamination, particle beam physics, computational plasma physics, explosive power generation, vacuum electronics, hypersonic drag reduction, and advanced wargaming.

Dr. Barker is also colonel in the Air Force Reserves assigned as HPM Special Projects Manager at AFRL's Directed Energy Weapons Directorate at Kirtland Air Force Base, N.M. Prior to his current assignment, he served as the Senior Reservist for Armstrong Laboratory, AFOSR, and the Geophysics Laboratory since 1986. He has also served as Air Force Academy Admissions Liaison Officer and as an Intelligence Officer. He is a graduate of Air War College.


Air Force Research Lab Headquarters (Phillips Lab)

Name:  Air Force Research Lab Headquarters (Phillips Lab)
Category:  Military
Archive ID#:  NM3166


The Air Force Research Lab (called Phillips Laboratory until 2000), is headquartered at Kirtland Air Force Base. The Laboratory is one of the Air Force's major research and development labs, and is a focal point for all space- and missile-related research and technology; including geophysics, propulsion, space vehicles, survivability, and directed-energy weapons. The Laboratory has an annual budget of over $600 million and has nearly 1,900 military and civilian employees at three locations: Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico;  Hanscom Air Force Base, Massachusetts; and Edwards Air Force Base, California.  It is part of Air Force Materiel Command and reports to and supports the Space and Missile Systems Center at Los Angeles Air Force Base, California. 

Location:  S Albuquerque, on Kirtland Air Force Base
(POINT(-106.60437047482 35.053678173287))
CLUI Land Use Database Map View (show on map)

Address:  NM 


LCS:  Aerospace R&D, Military, Weapons / Defense R&D

SOURCE: Center for Land Use Interpretation

High Energy Research and Technology Facility (HERTF)

Directed Energy Weapons include laser, high power radio frequency (HPRF), and particle beam technologies (HPRF technology is frequently called high power microwave (HPM) or RF directed energy). Electronic equipment can be defeated or impaired by irradiation from directed energy (DE) sources. Degradation can range from temporary "upsets" in electronics subsystems, permanent circuit deterioration, or permanent destruction due to burnout or electrical overload. As modern systems and their components become ever more reliant on sophisticated electronics, they also become more vulnerable to DE radiation.

Near-term goals for RFE weapons include the development of new HPRF source concepts, such as the interference modulation HPM source concept and frequency agile, broadband klystrons for use in susceptibility testing and in field tests. A mid-term goal is the development of high-gain, broadband antennas. Long-term goals include use of chaos theory research results to achieve greater control of RF weapon sources. High power RF generators need to be smaller, lighter, and more fuel efficient. Projected targets require intensive susceptibility studies to determine the best attack methods. These technical challenges will be overcome by concentrating technology development efforts on improving modulators, RF sources, and antennas. Improvements to reduce size, weight, and power requirements must also be accomplished by enhancements to radiation beam control.

The High Energy Research and Technology Facility (HERTF) at Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico, is a premier Phillips Laboratory capability for research, development and transition of advanced weapons technologies.

This $9 million facility provides a unique capability for the development of high-power microwaves, high-energy advanced pulsed power (including explosive devices), and very- high-energy plasmas. It also provides a research environment for exploring a variety of related technologies. The facility's remote location in the Manzano Mountains is coupled with aunique construction, which is designed to withstand blasts and intense radiation from a variety of sources, including high-energy microwaves and x-rays.

HERTF is located in a canyon in the Manzano Mountains in the southeast portion of Kirtland. The facility has a four-story-high bay laboratory, 80 feet by 150 feet, with concrete roof and walls four feet thick for blast and radiation shielding. The high bay includes two bridge cranes, cable trays, a 12-foot-deep pit for intense radiation source experiments, and access tunnels to an explosive firing area near the high bay. Up to 1000 pounds of high explosives can be detonated in this area to produce hundreds of megajoules of electrical energy needed for these advanced experiments. The facility also contains offices and smaller laboratories where advanced weapons technology experiments and demonstrations can be conducted safely and securely.

HERTF was designed to scale high-power microwave and high-energy plasma concepts that were pursued for many years in the Laboratory's basic research and exploratory development efforts. It was difficult to advance these concepts with the limited facilities available before HERTF was completed. With this facility, technologies can be advanced to a weapons level. Also, advanced weapons environments can be created, allowing scientists to assess the potential threat of these weapons to United States military systems.

Although the Laboratory's high-power microwave technology is considerably advanced, HERTF is essential in conducting many of the critical experiments still needed to assess the feasibility of the technology for operational systems.

Compact, high-energy pulsed power is an enabling technology for many advanced weapon concepts and effects simulation devices. HERTF is designed to play a major role in the Phillips Laboratory' s development of "next generation" high-energy pulsed power devices. Research and development includes the generation and conditioning of large amounts of electrical energy needed for advanced weapon technologies.

High-energy plasma work at HERTF allows a dramatic power increase for compact toroid experiments compared to other Phillips Laboratory facilities, such as a 10-megajoule capacitor bank. These high-energy plasmas provide the intense radiation environment needed to simulate threat-level nuclear-weapon effects in space. These plasmas are used to support research on fusion energy, and they permit Laboratory scientists to assess potential space-weapon concepts.


Resources: High Energy Research and Technology Facility (HERTF)

High Energy Research and Technology Facility (HERTF)

The Laser Effects Test Facility of the Air Force Research Laboratory’s Directed Energy Directorate conducts experiments for the Laboratory, Department of Defense, Department of Energy, as well as other government agencies, U.S. industry, and universities. The facility’s primary objective is to perform research to better understand the physics of laser interactions on various materials. 

The test facility has a variety of unique test equipment to support experiments, to include the most powerful
continuouswave laser at the Laboratory’s Phillips Research Site—a 50,000 watt, carbon dioxide electric discharge coaxial laser (pictured above). Many other lasers are also available, spanning the electromagnetic
spectrum from ultraviolet to far infrared wavelengths.


Phillips Lab
Malabar Test Facility


The OL-AG, Phillips Laboratory's mission is to perform real-time tracking of space objects, to use various sensors to study the effects of physical phenomena on space vehicles, to develop and test new sensors and electrooptical devices, and to provide tracking support for Kennedy Space Center(KSC) and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) launches.

The Malabar test facility was opened in the early 1960s to study lasers and laser effects. Subsequently, it was transferred to the Space and Missile Systems Organization (SAMSO) in 1978, Air Force Space Technology Center (AFSTC) in 1984, and Phillips Laboratory in 1990, where it now supports all DoD customers in the setup, evaluation, and performance of a wide range of electrooptical experiments. The primary resources of OL-AG, Phillips Laboratory include two optical trackers, two laser transmitters, a large computer system, and image and data processing capabilities to support such missions as launches from KSC and the Eastern Test Range, offshore operations, and on-orbit observations.

Primary facilities include

    R1, a 1.2-m visible telescope with four focal points from f/2.5 to f/100;
    R2, a 0.6-m mid-wave infrared(MWIR) with a coaxially mounted 0.25-meter f/5 long-wave infrared(LWIR). The optics of the 0.6-m are capable of visible and ultraviolet (UV)operations;
    T1, a 0.6-m a focal beam director with 6x expansion capability; used for visible and MWIR operations;
    T2, a 0.76-m a focal beam director with 10x beam expansion; used for LWIR;
    T-3, a penta-mirror laser beam director currently under design with 0.2-m and 0.6-m apertures;
    Building 00042, the main site operations area with offices for 34 people;
    Building 0062, the location of the PBX, optics laboratory, and site computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) and engineering activities;
    Building 00049 



Telescope & Atmospheric Compensation Laboratory

Under construction is a Telescope & Atmospheric Compensation Laboratory (TACLab), which will be located in the southeast portion of Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico, at the Starfire Optical Range, a major capability at the Air Force Research Laboratory’s Directed Energy Directorate. The $15.5 million TACLab will include a 52,000 square foot building supporting advanced optical beam control, laser propagation, and space object imaging research and

This facility will include extensive optics, electronics, computer, and mechanical laboratory space for equipment design, construction, and testing before integrating with telescopes and other experiment hardware. The building will
include a large mirror aluminizing capability for the required periodic recoating of the Starfire Optical Range’s 3.5meter telescope’s primary mirror. Similar large mirrors from local astronomical observatories may also be recoated here. The building will also include office space, conference rooms, and group work areas for the 84 scientists, engineers, and technicians currently housed in portable buildings and trailers at the Range.


Tapered tube, microsecond electron beam gyrotronbackward-wave-oscillators

Gilgenbach, R.M.   Walter, M.T.   Menge, P.R.   Spencer, T.A. 
Dept. of Nucl. Eng., Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI ;

This paper appears in: Particle Accelerator Conference, 1993., Proceedings of the 1993
Publication Date: 17-20 May 1993
On page(s): 2693-2695 vol.4
Meeting Date: 05/17/1993 - 05/20/1993
Location: Washington, DC, USA
ISBN: 0-7803-1203-1
References Cited: 4
INSPEC Accession Number: 4764682
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/PAC.1993.309431
Posted online: 2002-08-06 18:58:18.0


Experiments have been performed to test microwave efficiency enhancement and pulselength extension of the gyrotron-backward-wave-oscillator (gyro-BWO) through the use of a tapered interaction tube. The MELBA accelerator has been utilized to generate electron beams with parameters: V=-0.7 to -0.8 MV, I=1-4 kA, and pulselengths from 0.5-1 ?s. The microwave frequency is magnetically tunable in the range from 4.6-6 GHz. MAGIC code modeling has guided the experimental selection of taper magnitudes to enhance efficiency and pulselength. The optimal taper magnitude found in both the experiment and model has been a 10% downtapered tube, which gave a significant increase in both microwave tube power (factor of ~2, up to about 80 MW) and pulselength (≈30 % average increase up to 0.38 ?s) over uniform tubes. Integrated microwave pulse-energy is also maximized for the 10% downtapered tube. Taper magnitudes larger than 10% gave reduced microwave power and energy.


Phillips Laboratory
Military Spaceplane Technology (MiST) Program

This patch is from the Phillips Laboratory Military Spaceplane Technology (MiST) Program Office at Kirtland Air Force Base in New Mexico. The original version of the patch sported an "X-Wing" fighter from the Star Wars movies. When lawyers representing George Lucas delivered the unit a cease and desist order, the aircraft on the patch was changed into the shape that appears in this patch.

"I Could Tell You But Then You Would Have To Be Destroyed By Me: Emblems from the Pentagon's Black World"
Trevor Paglen
136 pages, 2007

Relativistic L-Band Magnetron Experiments Driven by a Microsecond e-Beam Accelerator

Intense Energy Beam Interaction Lab

Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences Department
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2104
a) Air Force Research Laboratory, Phillips Research Lab, Kirtland AFB, NM
b) Sandia National Labs
c) Titan Corporation
d) Mission Research Corp.


This research program investigates high power microwave generation utilizing a microsecond electronbeam accelerator to drive a relativistic magnetron. Peak microwave power levels have been achievedexceeding 200 MW total (100 MW per-cavity for two-cavity extraction) from a six-vane structure. Timefrequencyanalysis shows that microwave emission is primarily single-mode with a total pulse duration inthe range of 50-100 ns. Relativistic magnetron end-loss current measurements have been performed.Preliminary total efficiency estimates for the relativistic magnetron are in the range of 13%, includingendloss current. If endloss current is subtracted, the magnetron electronic efficiency nearly doubles to 25%.The goal of future research is to explore techniques for increasing the microwave power, efficiency andpulselength of relativistic magnetrons.

SOURCE: UMICH-SPIEpaper-2001.pdf

Experimental Investigation of Emittance Growth in Particle Beams Using Directly Heated Lanthanum Hexaboride Cathodes.

Accession Number : ADA199648
Title :   Experimental Investigation of Emittance Growth in Particle Beams Using Directly Heated Lanthanum Hexaboride Cathodes.
Descriptive Note : Final rept. Sep 86-Aug 87,
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Personal Author(s) : McHarg, M. ; Young, D.
Report Date : JUN 1988
Pagination or Media Count : 31

Abstract : 

This report presents the theory of nonlinear field energy as applied to emittance growth in a space charge dominated particle beam. An experiment to validate this theory is described and the experimental apparatus and results are presented. The experimental apparatus is designed around a directly heated lanthanum hexaboride (Lab6) cathode which yields a variable radial intensity electron distribution. We report the first use of such an electron gun, and its initial operating characteristics, which compare favorably with predicted theory. Keywords: Emittance growth, Particle beams; Lanthanum hexaboride; Cathodes; Nonuniform radial intensity distribution; Electron gun. (sdw)


Subject Categories : THERMODYNAMICS

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE
Members of the public may purchase hardcopy documents from the National Technical Information Service. 

MIGHTYSAT-I, 1998-069C
Integration at Phillips Lab

Mightysat-I. was launched into a 388x401km orbit inclined at 51.6 degrees on the 14th December 1998 as a Hitchhiker payload (employing the H.Ejection System) on Endeavour STS-88. It was deployed towards the orbit normal, after which the orbiter manoeuvred away. The technology demonstration satellite bus built originally by CTA ( since then acquired by Orbital Sciences), with a payload comprising several experiments, integrated by and procured by the US Air Force Phillips labs. These include a lightweight carbon fibre composite structure, advanced solar cells (Gallium Indium Phosphide layer on a Gallium Arsenide layer). Also included are "MAPLE", an advanced packaging method, "SMARD", a low shock separation system, "MPID" to establish man-made and natural space debris. It also includes materials to be tested in the space environment The spacecraft attitude control is by flat spin in the orbit plane. The experimental satellite was placed into a 468km orbit inclined at 52 degrees. The satellite weighs 67.5kg, and was planned to operate for 1 year, and decayed on the 21st November 1999. Mightysat-2.1 and MightySat-2.2 and follow on missions are minisatellites (future minisats). The first three pictures captured from NASA TV by Florida Today Space News Online show the deployment. [Picture #1][Picture #2][Picture #3][Shuttle deployment of small payloads at GSFC]

SOURCE: Small Satellites Home Page

Kirtland AFB
DEW Projects

YAL-1A  Attack Laser
Air Borne  Laser FAQ
Air Borne Laser History
Advanced Tactical Laser
Air Borne Laser YAL-1A
Air Borne Laser

ADS - Active Denial System
Advanced Electro Optical System 01
Advanced Electro Optical System 02
COIL - Chemical Oxygen Iodine Laser
Developing Speed of Light Weaponry
HPM - High Power Microwaves
Laser Effects Test Facility
Large Membrane Mirrors
Starfire Optical Range 3.5 Meter Telescope
Maui High Performance Computing Cente
North Oscura Peak
PHaSR Personnel Halting and Stimulation Response
Relay Mirror Technology - EAGLE Evolutionary Aerospace Global Laser Engagement
TACLab - Telescope & Atmospheric Compensation Laboratory

Career Opportunities
Mars Mission

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