HAARP Project
HAARP
Gacona, Alaska
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Image Courtesy HAARP

..HAARP
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HAARP VIDEO 10 Minutes

Jack Wrote:
I found the direct connection between HAARP and Beam Weapons.
Official DoD document:

SECTION 6—DIRECTED ENERGY (DE) AND KINETIC ENERGY (KE)
SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY
Scope
6.1 Charged Particle Beams (CPBs)........................................ 6-3
6.2 Neutral Particle Beams (NPBs).......................................... 6-7
6.3 Antimatter Particle Beams (APBs) .................................. 6-11
6.4 Gamma-Ray Lasers......................................................... 6-15
6.5 Kinetic Energy Weapon (KEW) Systems.......................... 6-21
6.6 High Power Microwave/Radio Frequency (HPM/RF)....... 6-27
You know sections 6.5 and 6.6 are HAARP capable.

In the RL32544 pdf titled:

High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP) and High Power Microwave (HPM) Devices: page15, reference 37 is........ 37 Rosalie Bertell, “Background on the HAARP Project,” Global Policy Forum, Nov. 5, 1996, http://www.globalpolicy.org/socecon/envronmt/weapons.htm
If you look at the frequency ranges in the HEMP and HPM devices, they fall within the HAARP frequencies.
So this is the direct connection we've been looking for between HAARP and beam weapons.

Let's hear them dispute THIS! And from seperate agencies......One from DoD and the other, an independant report to Congress from Clay Wilson, Specialist in Technology and National Security Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division, citing the Background.... pdf.

The "Background...." pdf is from Dr. Rosalie Bertell Phd, the anti-nuclear nun as they call her and founder of this org.: http://www.ccnr.org/bertell_bio.html

Jack Wrote:
Even if HAARP has only a small role in direct energy weapons, Titan has a big role.
The following are bits from the pdf.

"Titan’s current interests focus on compact, efficient and reliable directed energy weapon systems, and the advanced subsystems and components that enable the same."

"Titan has developed a large number of modulators for a variety of laser and HPM DEW applications, with voltage ratings from tens of kilovolts to several megavolts and average power levels from tens of kilowatts to multi-megawatts."


DEW TECHNOLOGY AT THE TITAN CORPORATION

David Price, Edward Goldman, David Nett, Sidney Putnam, Doug Weidenheimer
Titan – Pulse Sciences Division, San Leandro, CA
Carl Bloemker, Titan Electromagnetics & Electronics Division, Albuquerque
Roger White, Titan – Pulse Sciences Division, San Diego, CA
Tony Wynn, Titan - Pulse Sciences Division, Watsonville, CA

Abstract

The Titan Corporation has been developing directed energy technologies since the early 1980’s. Over this time Titan has provided advanced power supplies for electromagnetic gun and laser research while making broader contributions in the field of high power microwaves (HPM). Titan’s HPM work expanded from initial efforts fielding and operating the first gigawatt-level oscillators for susceptibility test applications, to research and development maximizing the peak and average output powers and overall efficiency realized from such systems. As interest in HPM technology has spread globally, Titan has leveraged this core competency and provided the HPM equipment for nearly all of the major European effects test facilities. Titan’s current interests focus on compact, efficient and reliable directed energy weapon systems, and the advanced subsystems and components that enable the same. Specific subsystems of interest include pulse forming networks, intermediate energy storage and power conditioning elements. These subsystems are designed for reduced size and weight while still meeting severe service, platform integration, lifetime and thermal management constraints. Specific components under development at Titan include laser-gated solid-state switches and both high peak and high average power, frequency-agile, HPM oscillators. Status and recent results from this research are presented.

SOURCE: Titan PDF
Note: No Longer Available: Web Archive Copy Here - [PDF][Archived]

Advanced Pulsed Power
Note: No Longer Available: Web Archive Copy Here - [HTML][Archived]

L-3 Communications, Pulse Sciences is a wholly owned subsidiary of L-3 Corporation, 
LLL on the New York Stock Exchange. (Formerly Titan PSD, Maxwell, Physics International)
L-3 PS provides pulsed power products and services to both government and commercial institutions. 



Jack Wrote:
The Titan Corp. consists of several companies they acquired.
They are now one family going by: L-3 Communications, Pulse Sciences.
Formerly Titan PSD, Maxwell, Physics International.
They also acquired California Tube Laboratory.

L-3's Advanced Pulse Power division has this to say:

"L-3 PS began as the pioneers in Nuclear Weapons Effects (NWE) simulator engineering, fabrication, installation and operation. This experience led us to the development of pulsed power hardware for other military and industrial applications. We count high voltage Marx generators, high energy capacitor banks, inductive voltage adders, laser drivers, EMP & HPM generators, and special modulators for rock-crushing, decontamination, irradiation, or other processes among the devices that we have designed and built to provide keystone solutions to new problems for our domestic and international customers."

Holy cave dweller! No one is safe now.
They also have this to say:

"We design and build high-average-power, power supplies and modulators for military and industrial applications including ride-thru systems, rectifiers, laser drivers, klystron transmitters, magnet drivers and novel power modulators. This core competency will become increasingly important to our nation’s security as our three services come to increasingly rely on power electronics for propulsion and weapon systems."

And:

"L-3 PS excels in the technology of very intense pulsed x-rays, or “radiation simulators”. Our company was founded in part because of our knowledge of flash x-ray technology and we have been at the forefront of the field ever since. We have designed, developed, and fabricated most of the largest radiation simulation facilities in the world. These systems range in peak power outputs from 0.1 to 30 terawatts. We also operate the Defense Threat Reduction Agency’s (DTRA’s) “West Coast Facility” for aboveground NWE testing."

For additional information contact:

Peter Laurence
(925) 989-2355

Now who does this look like? The resemblance is uncanny.

SOURCE: http://www.titan-psd.com/html/PulsedHighTrans.htm
Note: No Longer Available: Web Archive Copy Here

...
Image courtesy Google Maps
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Image courtesy Google Maps

This is the best resolution available on Google Earth

Jack Wrote:

In the acknowledgment section of RSI03945 pdf page 3972 - [PDF][Archived]

"We are also grateful to the sponsors of our own research on microwave generation. This work was supported by the Office of Naval Research, by the Department of Energy, and by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research" (in the framework of the Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative Program)."

Isn't it coincidental that these three agencies are also the "official" overseerers of the HAARP program? As well as DARPA, DoD involvement and numerous other universities and agencies.
http://www.nrl.navy.mil/content.php?P=04REVIEW106



Review of high-power microwave source research

Steven H. Gold
Beam Physics Branch, Plasma Physics Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375-5346
Gregory S. Nusinovich
Institute for Plasma Research, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742
~Received 18 March 1997; accepted for publication 7 August 1997!

This article reviews the state-of-the-art in high-power microwave source research. It begins with a discussion of the concepts involved in coherent microwave generation. The main varieties of microwave tubes are classified into three groups, according to the fundamental radiation mechanism involved: Cherenkov, transition, or bremsstrahlung radiation. This is followed by a brief discussion of some of the technical fundamentals of high-power microwave sources, including power supplies and electron guns. Finally, the history and recent developments of both high-peak power and high-average power sources are reviewed in the context of four main areas of application: ~1! plasma resonance heating and current drive; ~2! rf acceleration of charged particles; ~3! radar and communications systems; and ~4! high-peak power sources for weapons-effect simulation and exploratory development. © 1997 American Institute of Physics. @S0034-6748~97!01511-6#

SOURCE: RSI03945.pdf



The High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program

E.J. Kennedy, P. Rodriguez, and C.A. Selcher

Information Technology DivisionIntroduction: Electromagnetic waves in certain frequency ranges are absorbed or refracted by the ionosphere, an electrically conductive region of the upper atmosphere beginning at an altitude of approximately 80 km. Radio waves of sufficient energy density are capable of temporarily modifying its electrical and physical properties within a small volume, enabling a new type of interactive research having application to a variety of Navy and DOD missions. The High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program, jointly sponsored by the Office of Naval Research, the Air Force Research Laboratory, and DARPA, is constructing a new interactive ionospheric research facility in Gakona, Alaska, to conduct both basic and applied research in this scientific discipline. We present a description of the major components of the HAARP Gakona Facility including technical detail of its current and planned performance capabilities. We also present some results from three research areas: extremely low and very low frequencies (ELF/VLF) generation, artificial optical emissions, and space research.

Facility Description: The HAARP Gakona Facility is located in a relatively remote region of south central Alaska where a variety of ionospheric conditions may occur, ranging from quiet to mid-latitude to auroral. The major feature of the facility is the high frequency (HF) phased array antenna, currently consisting of 48 elements. When completed in 2006, this array will consist of 180 elements with performance parameters as shown in Table 1.

SOURCE: http://www.nrl.navy.mil/content.php?P=04REVIEW106
 

Jack Wrote:
From abstract:
This report outlines the design, functions and operation of the HAARP Diagnostic Satellite Scintillation (SATSIN) system that will be used to characterize the structure and dynamics of F region ionospheric irregularities created during HF heating.


Accession Number : ADA300875
Title :   SATSIN System Manual.

Descriptive Note : Scientific rept. no. 1,
Corporate Author : SRI INTERNATIONAL MENLO PARK CA
Personal Author(s) : Livingston, Robert C.
Handle / proxy Url : SOURCE: DTIC.MIL  PDF ADA300875
Report Date : JAN 1995

Abstract

This report outlines the design, functions and operation of the HAARP Diagnostic Satellite Scintillation (SATSIN) system that will be used to characterize the structure and dynamics of F region ionospheric irregularities created during HF heating. When in routine operation, the SATSIN system will be located so that the propagation path from satellite radio beacons passes through the heated volume created by HAARP. The signal, altered in phase and amplitude by the irregularities, is received by the SATSIN array of eight antennas and is processed to extract the spatial and temporal characteristics of the scintillation. From this information, the strength, shape and motion of the in situ irregularities generated by HAARP can be implied. The hardware and software components of the system are reviewed, and the installation and operation in conjunction with the HAARP network are outlined.

SATSIN System Manual - [PDF][Archived]

Jack Wrote:
These other two pdf's are the patents for the "space reflector" and "space mirror" for HAARP.

Title: Lightweight focusing reflector for space
Publication number: US5202689
Publication date: 1993-04-13
Inventor: BUSSARD ROBERT W (US); WALLACE THOMAS H (US) - [PDF][Archived]

Title: Artificial ionospheric mirror composed of a plasma layer which can be tilted
Applicant: APTI INC (US)
Publication number: US5041834
Publication date: 1991-08-20
Inventor: KOERT PETER (US)
Applicant: APTI INC (US) - [PDF][Archived]

..
Image Courtesy HAARP Cam #1 September 21, 2009
Artificial Ionospheric Turbulence and Radio Wave Propagation
(Sura/HAARP)

Title: Artificial Ionospheric Turbulence and Radio Wave Propagation (Sura/HAARP)
Project Director: Vladimir Leont’evich Frolov
Institute: Radiophysical Research Institute (NIRFI), 603950 Russia, Nizhny Novgorod,
B.Pecherskaya St. 25.
CRDF project number: RPO-1334-N0-02.
Reporting period: August 2003 – November 2006.

Accession Number : ADA471091
Title :   Artificial Ionospheric Turbulence and Radio Wave Propagation (Sura - HAARP)
Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Apr 2003-3 Apr 2007
Corporate Author : RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES NIZHNY NOVGOROD RADIO PHYSICAL RESEARCH INST
Personal Author(s) : Frolov, Vladimir L.
Handle / proxy Url : SOURCE: DTIC.MIL  PDF ADA471091
Report Date : 01 NOV 2006

Summary Page

The main objectives of the project are: (1) integrated experimental, theoretical and computer simulation studies of non-linear plasma phenomena, produced in the upper ionosphere by powerful HF radiation and giving rise to plasma density irregularities with a wide range of crossfield (relatively to geomagnetic field lines) scales from centimeters to tens of kilometers, (2) investigation of an influence of these irregularities on characteristics of HF and VHF radio waves passed through the ionosphere disturbed volume (IDV), and (3) control for long distance propagation of HF radio waves through an ionosphere wave-guide channel by means of radio wave scattering from small-scale field-aligned irregularities (the SURA–HAARP experiment). In the framework of the project 8 heating campaign at the Sura facility have been carried out in all. Obtained in this campaign experimental data as well as data obtained in earlier performed measurements allowed to study in detail the following points: 

  • (i) space distribution of small-, middle-, and large-scale irregularities in the IDV; 
  • (ii) peculiarities of both artificial ionosphere turbulence (AIT) evolution and transport processes in the upper (F-region) ionosphere when short pulse pumping is used for ionosphere modification; 
  • (iii) influence of small-scale fieldaligned irregularities (striations) on generation of stimulated electromagnetic emission (SEE);
  • (iv) some features of the magnetic zenith effect; 
  • (v) ionospheric effects of geomagnetic disturbances; 
  • (vi) peculiarities of HF radio wave long distance propagation. 
Using the software elaborated for modeling of radio paths for the SURA–HAARP experiment, necessary calculations and estimations for this experiment have been done. In March and May 2006 two sessions of measurements in the framework of the SURA–HAARP experiment were carried out. Besides, it was performed experiments aimed at the study of features of artificial ionosphere disturbances, which are generated by nonlinear mixing of two HF waves at frequencies higher than F2-region critical frequency (f0F2) but when difference between them is below of f0F2
(ionosphere heating at the local plasma frequency by beating two high-power electromagnetic waves). In these experiments the bispectral method was used for the spectral analysis of received signals. New experiments aimed at the study of AIT features when additional X-mode pumping is used were also performed. Experimental results, obtained in the framework of the project, give new knowledge about AIT features and allow elaborating in more details its empirical models, as well as to study peculiarities of HF radio wave long distance propagation under different ionospheric conditions.

SOURCE: Artificial Ionospheric Turbulence and Radio Wave Propagation (Sura/HAARP) - [PDF][Archived]

Related Links: Papers:
  • DTIC
  • FOIA: HAARP Research and Applications Joint Program Report - [PDF][Archived]
    • HAARP Research and Applications Describes and documents the scientific uses and applications created by the HF Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP). Covers the need for its existence, the range it can cover, its capabilities, and a manifest of acquisitions. Document date: 1998-11-05 Department: USAF Research Laboratory and the Office of Naval Research Author: Dennis Papdopoulos and Committee Document type: Joint Program Report - From http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread315540/pg1
  • High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP) and High Power Microwave (HPM) Devices: Threat Assessments Updated July 21, 2008 - Clay Wilson Specialist in Technology and National Security Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division - CRS Report for Congress] - [PDF][Archived]
  • Review of high-power microwave source research - Steven H. Gold - Beam Physics Branch, Plasma Physics Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375-5346 - [PDF][Archived]
  • Simulations of ELF radiation generated by heating the high-latitude D- region - H.L. Rowland, Beam Physics Branch, Plasma Physics Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. - [HTML][Archived]
  • Patents
    • Text of Eastlund Patent - United States Patent 5,038,664 Eastlund - August 13, 1991 - Method for producing a shell of relativistic particles at an altitude above the earths surface - [PDF][Archived]
    • Broadband communications system via reflection from artificial ionized plasma patterns in the atmosphere - Publication number: US2007215946 (A1) Publication date:  2007-09-20 Inventor(s):  EASTLUND BERNARD JOHN [US] - [PDF][Archived]
      • Abstract of  US 2007215946  - A new communications system is described in which the phased array heater used to create an artificial ionized plasma pattern in the atmosphere (AIPA) has an integrated phased array transmitter. By combining these two functions a simplified telecommunications system is created. The new system is called the Integrated Plasma Mirror. Another advantage is that a portion of the telecommunications signal is absorbed in the plasma pattern and contributes to the maintenance power level.
    • Cosmic particle ignition of artificially ionized plasma patterns in the atmosphere -  Publication number: US2007238252 (A1) Publication date:  2007-10-11 Inventor(s):  EASTLUND BERNARD [US] - [PDF][Archived]
      • Abstract of  US 2007238252  (A1) This invention is a method and apparatus for creating artificially ionized regions in the atmosphere utilizing ionization trails of cosmic rays and micro-meteors to ignite plasma patterns in electric field patterns formed by ground based electromagnetic wave radiators. The applications are useful for telecommunications, weather control, lightening protection and defense applications. The invention lowers the power requirements for forming artificial ionized regions in the atmosphere by a factor of up to 1600 times lower than those required in existing designs and projections for creation of artificial ionized regions in the atmosphere.
    • Method and apparatus for altering a region in the earth's atmosphere, ionosphere, and/or magnetosphere - Publication number: US4686605 (A) Publication date:  1987-08-11 Inventor(s):  EASTLUND BERNARD J [US] Applicant(s):  APTI INC [US] - [PDF][Archived]
      • Abstract of  US 4686605  (A) A method and apparatus for altering at least one selected region which normally exists above the earth's surface. The region is excited by electron cyclotron resonance heating to thereby increase its charged particle density. In one embodiment, circularly polarized electromagnetic radiation is transmitted upward in a direction substantially parallel to and along a field line which extends through the region of plasma to be altered. The radiation is transmitted at a frequency which excites electron cyclotron resonance to heat and accelerate the charged particles. This increase in energy can cause ionization of neutral particles which are then absorbed as part of the region thereby increasing the charged particle density of the region.
    • Method for producing a shell of relativistic particles at an altitude above the earths surface - Publication number:    US5038664 (A) Publication date:  1991-08-13 Inventor(s):  EASTLUND BERNARD J [US] Applicant(s):  APTI INC [US] - [PDF][Archived]
      • Abstract of  US 5038664  (A) A method for establishing a region of a high density, high energy plasma at an altitude of at least about 1500 kilometers above the earth's surface. Circularly polarized electromagnetic radiation is transmitted at a first frequency substantially parallel to an earth's magnetic field line to excite electron cyclotron resonance heating in normally occurring plasma at an altitude of at least about 250 kilometers to generate a mirror force which lifts said plasma to said altitude of at least about 1500 kilometers. Heating is continued at a second frequency to expand the plasma to the apex of said field line whereupon at least some of the plasma is trapped and oscillates between mirror points on said lines. The plasma will be contained within adjacent field lines and will drift to form a shell of relativistic particles around a portion of the earth. 
Other Patents by Eastlund:
  • Sapphire high intensity discharge projector lamp - Publication number: US2003034736 (A1) Publication date:  2003-02-20 Inventor(s):  EASTLUND BENARD J [US]; LEVIS MAURICE E [US] - [PDF][Archived]
    • Abstract of  US 2003034736  (A1) A high intensity discharge lamp, especially for optical projection systems, in one embodiment uses an anode electrode, a cathode electrode and a cylindrical envelope of single crystal (SC) sapphire. The fill may contain hydrogen, chlorine, sodium, scandium, sulfur and selenium and is under pressure exceeding 20 atmospheres. The lamp produces a continuous non-flash arc and generates a correlated color temperature between 6500 and 7000 degrees Kelvin and an efficacy exceeding 60 lumens/watt.
  • Method and apparatus for generating electromagnetic radiation - Publication number: US3911318 (A) Publication date:  1975-10-07 Inventor(s):  SPERO DONALD M; EASTLUND BERNARD J; URV MICHAEL G Applicant(s):  FUSION SYSTEMS CORP - [PDF][Archived]
    • Abstract of  US 3911318  (A) There is disclosed a novel method and apparatus for generating high power electromagnetic radiation in the ultraviolet and visible regions of the electromagnetic spectrum wherein high energy electrons, produced by directing a lower frequency (radio to microwave) electromagnetic energy wave into a plasma producing medium (gas, vapor and mixtures thereof), are caused to collide with heavy particles of the medium to thereby cause same to be collisionally excited and subsequently emit electromagnetic radiation. Particular means are disclosed for coupling the lower frequency electromagnetic wave energy to the medium. In a preferred embodiment the medium is confined in a closed vessel or chamber at a selected pressure to which a magnetic field is applied to guide the high energy electrons to collision with said heavy particles.
  • Apparatus and method for generating radiation - Publication number:    US3872349 (A) Publication date:  1975-03-18 Inventor(s):  SPERO DONALD M; EASTLUND BERNARD J; URY MICHAEL G Applicant(s):  FUSION SYSTEMS CORP - [PDF][Archived]
    • Abstract of US 3872349  (A) An improved structure for a microwave generated plasma light source for emitting radiation in the ultraviolet and visible portions of the spectrum. Microwave energy generated by a microwave source is coupled to a plasma forming medium which is confined in a longitudinally extending tube. The tube is surrounded along its length by a microwave chamber, a portion of which comprises a means for reflecting the emitted radiation and a portion of which comprises a mesh-like member which is substantially transparent to the emitted radiation, but which is relatively opaque to the microwave energy. The microwave energy may be fed to the microwave chamber either from the end thereof, or from the top or sides if the microwave sources is housed in a waveguide located on the top or sides of the chamber. The plasma forming medium is confined at a relatively high pressure and the microwave energy is coupled thereto at a high enough power density to create electron densities in the plasma in excess of the cutoff density. Electrons are excited by the transformation of waves and wave absorption and collide with the heavy particles of the plasma which emit ultraviolet and visible radiation upon de-excitation.
  • Microwave generated radiation apparatus - Publication number:  US4042850 (A) Publication date:  1977-08-16 Inventor(s):  URY MICHAEL GERSON; EASTLUND BERNARD JOHN; BRADEN RAY S; WOOD CHARLES H Applicant(s):  FUSION SYSTEMS CORP - [PDF][Archived]
    • Abstract of  US 4042850  (A) An apparatus for efficiently coupling microwave energy to a highly dissipative load such as a plasma lamp tube. A longitudinally extending lamp tube is enclosed in a longitudinally extending non-resonant microwave chamber having a pair of coupling slots therein which are oriented perpendicular to the direction of the lamp tube. The slots are azimuthally offset in opposite directions with respect to a longitudinally extending top center line of the chamber by about 15 DEG to 20 DEG , and are located near respective ends of the chambers but at different distances therefrom. Microwave energy from a pair of microwave energy generating means is coupled to the respective slots with the frequency outputs of the generating means being offset from each other by a small amount.
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