Zero Point Energy
A Zero Point Module, abbreviated ZPM, is a power source device in the fictional Stargate universe.
A ZPM is capable of generating immense amounts of energy by utilizing zero point energy which derives from a phenomenon known as the quantum foam (subatomic wormholes opening and closing constantly in and out of subspace). A ZPM contains an artificially created region of subspace from which this power is drawn. Since this process is thermodynamically irreversible, every ZPM (if used) will eventually reach maximum entropy, at which point it is depleted and can no longer provide power.
In physics, the zero-point energy is the lowest possible energy that a quantum mechanical physical system may possess; it is the energy of the ground state of the system. All quantum mechanical systems have a zero point energy. The term arises commonly in reference to the ground state of the quantum harmonic oscillator. In quantum field theory, it is a synonym for the vacuum energy, an amount of energy associated with the vacuum of empty space. In cosmology, the vacuum energy is taken to be the origin of the cosmological constant. Experimentally, the zero-point energy of the vacuum leads directly to the Casimir effect, and is directly observable in nanoscale devices.
Because zero point energy is the lowest possible energy a system can have, this energy cannot be removed from the system.
Despite the definition, the concept of zero-point energy, and the hint of a possibility of extracting "free energy" from the vacuum, has attracted the attention of amateur inventors. Numerous perpetual motion and other pseudoscientific devices, often called free energy devices, exploiting the idea, have been proposed. As a result of this activity, and its intriguing theoretical explanation, it has taken on a life of its own in popular culture, appearing in science fiction books, games and movies.
in Physics: Exploiting Zero-Point Energy
by Philip Yam, staff writer
[From: Scientific American, December 1997, pp. 82-85.]
Claims for perpetual-motion machines and other free-energy devices still persist, of course, even though they inevitably turn out to violate at least one law of thermodynamics. Energy in the vacuum, though, is very much real. According to modern physics, a vacuum isn't a pocket of nothingness. It churns with unseen activity even at absolute zero, the temperature defined as the point at which all molecular motion ceases.
Exactly how much "zero-point energy" resides in the vacuum is unknown. Some cosmologists have speculated that at the beginning of the universe, when conditions everywhere were more like those inside a black hole, vacuum energy was high and may have even triggered the big bang. Today the energy level should be lower. But to a few optimists, a rich supply still awaits if only we knew how to tap into it. These maverick proponents have postulated that the zero-point energy could explain "cold fusion," inertia and other phenomena and might someday serve as pan of a "negative mass" system for propelling spacecraft. In an interview taped for PBS's Scientific American Frontiers, which aired in November, Harold E. Puthoff, the director of the Institute for Advanced Studies, observed: "For the chauvinists in the field like ourselves, we think the 21st century could be the zero-point-energy age."
SOURCE - Copyright 1997, Scientific American Magazine. For Educational Use Only.
by Timothy H. Boyer
[From Scientific American, August 1985, pp 70-78.]
It is not empty. Even when all matter and heat radiation have been removed from a region of space, the vacuum of classical physics remains filled with a distinctive pattern of electromagnetic fields
Aristotle and his followers believed no region of space could be totally empty: This notion that "nature abhors a vacuum" was rejected in the scientific revolution of the 17th century; ironically, though, modern physics has come to hold a similar view. Today there is no doubt that a region of space can be emptied of ordinary matter, at least in principle. In the modern view, however, a region of vacuum is far from being empty or featureless. It has a complex structure, which cannot be eliminated by any conceivable means.
This use of words may seem puzzling. If the vacuum is not empty, how can it be called a vacuum? Physicists today define the vacuum as whatever is left in a region of space when it has been emptied of everything that can possibly be removed from it by experimental means. The vacuum is the experimentally attainable void. Obviously a first step in creating a region of vacuum is to eliminate all visible matter, such as solids and liquids. Gases must also be removed. When all matter has been excluded, however, space is not empty; it remains filled with electromagnetic radiation. A part of the radiation is thermal, and it can be removed by cooling, but another component of the radiation has a subtler origin. Even if the temperature of a vacuum could be reduced to absolute zero, a pattern of fluctuating electromagnetic waves would persist. This residual radiation, which has been analyzed only in recent years, is an inherent feature of the vacuum, and it cannot be suppressed.
SOURCE - Copyright 1985, Scientific American Magazine. For Educational Use Only.
Motionless Electromagnetic Generator
This Device and all its implications are discussed fully on both the JLN and Tom Bearden's website and no purpose is served here by duplicating the data. The links provided here are more than sufficient for any serious researcher.
Created on 10-06-00 - JLN
LABS - Last update 03-22-03
from Tom Bearden
Sujet : The Motionless Electromagnetic Generator
Date : 06/10/00 07:54:41
From: xxxxxxxxxxx (Tom Bearden)
Information on our Motionless Electromagnetic Generator has now been publicly released, in the form of our paper, "The Motionless Electromagnetic Generator: Extracting Energy from a Permanent Magnet with Energy-Replenishing from the Active Vacuum," carried on public DoE website http://www.ott.doe.gov/electromagnetic/papersbooks.html .
Thus you may furnish the information to whomever you wish, since it is now publicly released and can be freely downloaded. It is a long paper (69 pages) and does take a little time to download.
We are encouraging web site managers who so wish, to place a pointer to the paper if they wish to. As you are aware, this one works beautifully and produces COP=5.0. Our patent application has been filed and so full patent coverage is retained; we have been in patent-pending status for some time prior to the public release. We expect to force the patent by direct demonstration and independent government-certified test laboratory testing and certification to NIST, IEEE, and U.S. Government test standards.
The system uses an extension to the work-energy theorem: In a replenishing potential environment, when energy is removed from the potential in a different form, the potential is simply replenished by the giant entropy process (my paper on the giant negentropy process is on the same DoE website). Use of a permanent magnet simply uses its magnetostatic scalar potential to evoke and sustain the giant negentropy mechanism. This sustains the continuous flow of the magnetic vector potential, and the device separates the magnetic B-field from the magnetic vector potential A.
The giant negentropy mechanism continuously replenishes the A-potential as fast as energy is extracted from it. Thus it is rather like dipping bucket after bucket of water from the same spatial volume in a rushing river, with the river instantly filling the hole up each time a dip is made. In this case we must pay only for the switching costs, since the giant negentropy mechanism continually replenishes the magnetic dipole sustaining the magnetic vector potential energy flow. Note that we do not destroy the source dipole, as every conventional closed current loop electrical system does. As Whittaker showed in 1903, once the dipolarity is established, the giant negentropy process continues so long as the dipole exists. Dipoles in original matter, e.g., have been pouring out copious energy by this process for some 15 billion years, so the energy is absolutely inexhaustible and copious.
There are 23 illustrations in the Magnetic Energy Ltd. paper on the DoE website.
NOTE; The DOE no longer has that file listed, but it is available here - MEGpaper.pdf
Other than the obvious and very real threat of this energy finding its way into the hands of the war departments, there is a very real danger of overload while experimenting with it, to the potential that it could conceivably destroy the whole solar system before it can be stopped. The following link is VERY thorough on this possibility with some surprising, and shocking, facts. It is a long document with an amazing accumulation of data and well worth the read.
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