The Christian Connection
In Islamic tradition, it is stated that King Solomon had the ability to understand the languages of animals and birds, allowing him to converse freely with them. Because God had endowed him with wisdom, grace and favor, he was also able to converse with the spirits of the underworld whom he was then able to use as servants. A mythical description of how Solomon built the Temple is related by the Moslem historian al-Siuti:
When God revealed unto Solomon that he should build him a Temple, Solomon assembled all the wisest men, genii and Afrites of the earth, and the mightiest of the devils, and appointed one division of them to build, another to cut blocks and columns from the marble mines, and others to dive into ocean-depths, and fetch therefrom pearls and coral. Now some of these pearls were like ostrich's or hen's eggs. So he began to build the Temple . . . the devils cut quarries of jacinth and emerald. Also the devils made highly-polished cemented blocks of marble. (Ref. 1)Jewish Traditions
A Jewish legend gives this fanciful description;
When King David began to dig the foundation of the Temple, the waters of the abyss burst forth and hastened to cover the whole world. David took a fragment of pottery and wrote on it the divine Name, then threw it into the abyss. Immediately the abyss receded sixteen thousand cubits into the depths. When David saw this he said "the closer the abyss is to the earth, the more the earth drinks of its waters and is blessed thereof." What did he do? He sang the fifteen Songs of Degrees of the Book of Psalms, and the abyss rose again fifteen thousand cubits. And it remained one thousand cubits beneath the surface of the earth. (Ref. 2)
Copyright Salim George Khalaf, used by permission. Web site: Virtual Center for Phoenician Studies
Solomon’s temple follows the traditional Phoenician design: an outer hallway or ulam, a central open courtyard or heikal, and an inner holy of holies or debir. There were two pillars outside the front entrance and rooms for temple staff in an annex.
Not much archaeological excavation on Phoenician temples has been carried out. The reason for this seems to be that archaeologists and historians are generally more interested in Greek, Roman and Hebrew history than in Phoenician. Why? All European civilisation is believed to have stemmed from ancient Greece and Rome. Monotheism is believed to have originated from the Hebrews. At any rate, once researchers reach the Greek, Roman or Hebrew layers, they tend not to look further down. For example, it is known that there are much older Phoenician temples under the Roman ones at Baalbek but only one deep ditch has been dug to tell us anything about them. However, excavation of the 13th century BC Phoenician temple at Hazor and the 9th century one at Tell Tainat shows that Solomon’s temple follows exactly the time-honoured Phoenician pattern.
Web site: Virtual Center for Phoenician Studie
1 Kings 6: 23-35
23. In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim
of olive wood, each ten cubits high.
King Hiram of Byblos, on a Cherubhim Throne
This bas relief is from his sarcophagus. The Cherubhim have been identified as Winged Sphinxes (p. 127. Sabatino Moscati. The Phoenicians. Gruppo Editoriale Fabbri Bompiani, Sonzono, Etas S.p.A. Milan. March 1988). Moscati dates the sarchopagus to the 13th-12th century B.C. that is about 300 years before King Solomon.
Modern view of Cherubhim
Today Cherubhim have been styilized to be cute chubby babies, completely taking away what they looked like in the past.
"The Molten Sea"
23. Then he made the cast sea; it was round, ten cubits
from brim to brim, and five cubits high. A line of thirty cubits would
encircle it completely.
Note: In 2 Chronicles 4.5 it states that the laver held three thousand baths...
|For Further Study:|
The Brass Serpent of Moses
8. And the Lord said to Moses,
‘Make a poisonous* serpent, and set it on a pole; and everyone who is bitten
shall look at it and live.’
14. And just as Moses lifted
up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up,
Note that no one was told to bow down to the brass serpent, and neither was anyone instructed to pray before it, even though the serpent on the pole represented Jesus Christ who though innocent would become sin, and be crucified for all of mankind. Looking upon the serpent brought life to those dying, just as faith in Jesus Christ will bring life to all who will believe and have faith.
Now, notice what happened when
years later, the exact same serpent of brass is again mentioned in scripture:
Now, notice what happened when years later, the exact same serpent of brass is again mentioned in scripture:
2 Kings 18
3. And he [King Hezekiah] did
that which was right in the sight of the LORD, according to all that David
his father did.
So what prompted the King to destroy the brass serpent? Because the people had begun worshipping it as an idol, and burning incense before it. So Hezekiah did what was right in the eyes of the Lord and destroyed it.
Abyss - Absu - Gateway
5. Coming from the throne are
flashes of lightning, and rumblings and peals of thunder, and in front
of the throne burn seven flaming torches, which are the seven spirits of
Other References to Circles of Power
The following items are references that we came across in our research and have not yet been fully explored, but are offered as points of interest none the less. These will require more research and references and we will list the results when we have them. - Editor
The Molten Sea
Another example of a circle with a perimeter that is an integral multiple of the diameter is found in the bible. I KINGS, Chapter 7 reads like an installment of This Old House, where Solomon is building a house and fetched Hiram, who was "filled with wisdom and understanding, and cunning. . . ", sort of a biblical Norm Abrams. Hiram, among other things, "made a molten sea, ten cubits from one brim to the other: it was round all about . . . and a line of thirty cubits did compass it round about."
I suspect that those dimensions approximate. If they are accurate, then the outline must have been flattened, like some neolithic stone circles. - Source - Dartmouth University
9. He dreamed yet another dream, and told it to his brothers, and said, "Behold, I have dreamed yet another dream: and behold, the sun and the moon and eleven stars bowed down to me."
Though this was from a dream, it still clearly shows
that the people at the time of Jacob accepted the fact that there were
planets or "wandering stars"
Bible: The Abyss; A watery gateway...
American Heritage Dictionary
a·byss – noun
[Middle English abissus, from Late Latin abyssus, from
Greek abussos, bottomless : a-, without; see a-1 + bussos, bottom.]
The Koran says Solomon had a magic ring which could give him power over enemies, and transport him to a celestial sphere where he could rest from the cares of state.
Romans wore rings dedicated to the goddess Salus (Hygeia) engraved with a pentagram and a coiled snake, to ensure good fortune.
Rings of Jasper or Bloodstone were worn by Egyptians for success in battle or other struggle.
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