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Author Topic: Thomas Townsend Brown - The Library Thread  (Read 12340 times)

Offline zorgon

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Thomas Townsend Brown - The Library Thread
« on: February 13, 2012, 05:01:57 AM »
Thomas Townsend Brown - The Library Thread



Coming Soon - Thomas Townsend Brown - Domain Holding

This thread will be a collection of history and works relating to the late Thomas Townsend Brown. For those of you not familiar with him and his work, this is a good starting point.

« Last Edit: February 14, 2012, 10:31:45 PM by zorgon »

Offline zorgon

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Re: Thomas Townsend Brown - The Library Thread
« Reply #1 on: February 14, 2012, 11:39:14 PM »
Thomas Townsend Brown (March 18, 1905 – October 22, 1985) was an American physicist.


Thomas Townsend Brown at the radio - Courtesy of JLN Labs

Biography
Early and middle years


Quote
Brown was born in Zanesville, Ohio; his parents were Lewis K. and Mary Townsend Brown. In 1921, Brown discovered what was later called the Biefeld-Brown effect while experimenting with a Coolidge X-ray tube. This is a vacuum tube with two asymmetrical electrodes. Brown noticed that there was a force exerted by the tube when it was connected to a high-voltage source. This force was not caused by the X-rays, but instead was related to ionized particles created at the small (sharp) electrode and moving to the large (flatter) electrode. Later, in 1923, he collaborated with Paul Alfred Biefeld at Denison University, Granville, Ohio. He started a military career afterwards and was involved in a number of science programs.

In 1930 he joined the U.S. Navy and conducted fundamental research in electromagnetism, radiation, field physics, spectroscopy, gravity and other topics. He later worked for Glenn L. Martin and, still later, for the National Defense Research Committee (NDRC) and the Office of Scientific Research and Development, headed at that time by Dr. Vannevar Bush. After 1944 he worked as a consultant to the Lockheed-Vega Aircraft Corporation.

Later years

Quote
In 1955, Brown went to England, and then France where he worked for La Société Nationale de Construction Aéronautique du Sud Ouest (SNCASO) on secret research called Projet Montgolfier,[1] a study of the Biefeld-Brown effect. In 1956, the aviation trade publication Interavia reported that Brown had made substantial progress in anti-gravity or electro-gravitic propulsion research. Top U.S. aerospace companies had also become involved in such research (see United States gravity control propulsion research (1955 - 1974)) which may have become a classified subject by 1957. Others contend Brown's research simply reached a dead end and lost support. Though the effect he discovered has been proven to exist by many others, Brown's work was controversial because others and even he himself believed that this effect could explain the existence and operation of unidentified flying objects (UFOs).

Brown was an early investigator of UFOs and in 1956 helped found the National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena (NICAP). Though Townsend resigned not long after NICAP was founded, NICAP was an influential force in civilian UFO research through 1970. The organization's activities drew the attention of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), several high-level officers of which joined the group. Brown's research has since become something of a popular pursuit around the world, with amateur experimenters replicating his early experiments in the form of "lifters" powered by high-voltage.

Thomas Townsend Brown - Wikipedia

Offline zorgon

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Re: Thomas Townsend Brown - The Library Thread
« Reply #2 on: February 14, 2012, 11:41:10 PM »
Reference Section

The next two posts will be simply a bibliography pointing to various articles around the net. I will of course list the Brown Family website first as that would be the main source and straight from the mouth of the horse as it were... but as we are trying to bring awareness about TT Brown and his work, a collection of major postings around the web is a good idea..

Qaulight Designs = Brown Family Website

Project Montgolfier - A site dedicated to the 1955-1959 Paris tests of the Biefeld-Brown Effect (Project Montgolfier), under S.N.C.A.S.O. can be found HERE, courtesy of the Jacques Cornillon family.

Thomas Townsend Brown, Electrogavitic propulsion inventor - Anti Gravity Technology Net

Rex Research

Defying Gravity: The Parallel Universe of T. Townsend Brown

Electrogravitics - Thunderbolts Info

Antigravity -Definite Anti-Gravitic Potentials -Biblioteca Pleyades

THE FLYING SAUCER - Energy 21

Russian Coverage
"BELL" AND "WINTER HARBOR" - twins?
English Translation

German Coverage
Versuche zur Elektrogravitation - Die Replikation von J.L. Naudins „Lifter“ Experiment
Experiments on electro gravity - The replication of JL Naudins "lift" experiment

Energy from space - crazy dream or real possibility? - German no google translation available

French Coverage
The Lifters Experiments home page by Jean-Louis Naudin... - JLN Labs
The story of the Lifter Project By Jean-Louis Naudin
JLN Labs - The Quest for Over Unity
JLN - Thomas Townsend Brown 

Korean Coverage
UFO's driving force uncovers the truth of the theory of weightlessness.
English Translation


« Last Edit: February 15, 2012, 03:31:09 AM by zorgon »

Offline zorgon

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« Last Edit: February 15, 2012, 03:08:18 AM by zorgon »

Offline zorgon

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Re: Thomas Townsend Brown - The Library Thread
« Reply #4 on: February 14, 2012, 11:41:53 PM »
Biblioteca Pleyades List of Gravity and Anti Gravity Articles

        Antigravity - 1967 Issue of Flying Saucer

        Antigravity and the Ultimate Spacecraft Propulsion System

        Antigravity Propulsion Experiments

        Breaking the Law of Gravity

        Chapter 7 - Antigravity

        Chronology of US Antigravity Research

        Classification Scheme for Antigravity Devices

        Conquest of Gravity Aim of Top Scientists In U. S.

        Definition of Antigravity Terms

        Diamagnetic Gravity Vortexes

        Electrogravitic Systems

        Etherial Electrogravitics

        Gravitational Attractive and Repulsive Systems

        Gravitation, Repulsion and Doppler Distortion Systems

        Gravitics Situation

        Gravitomagnetic Field / 'Gravity-Shielding' Experiments

        I Know the Secret of the Flying Saucers

        More On B-2 Stealth Bomber As Antigravity Craft

        New Air Dream-Planes Flying Outside Gravity

        Possibility of Gravitational Force Shielding

        Space-Ship Marvel Seen If Gravity Is Outwitted

        Spaceships that Conquer Gravity

        The Biefeld-Brown Effect

        The U.S. Air Force, Anti-Gravitation & UFO's

        Towards Flight - Without Stress or Strain... or Weight

        Townsend Brown and His Anti-Gravity Discs

        UK Hacker Says He Found Anti-Gravity Engine File At W/P AFB

        Weighty Implications: NASA Funds Controversial Gravity Shield


Biblioteca Pleyades List of Gravity and Anti Gravity Articles
« Last Edit: February 15, 2012, 03:31:53 AM by zorgon »

Offline zorgon

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Re: Thomas Townsend Brown - The Library Thread
« Reply #5 on: February 15, 2012, 12:03:59 AM »
Townsend Brown Notebooks Now Online

Quote
Back in the 1970s and 1980s a researcher and author  named Willam Moore  -- best known as the co-author of such folk-lore as "The Roswell Incident" and "The Philadelphia Experiment" (there, I said it...), wrote a couple of articles about Townsend Brown.  Moore was also the last journalist to interview and photograph  Brown shortly before his death in 1985.

Somehow, during that period, Moore obtained access to Brown's personal laboratory notebooks, and, presumably, obtained permission to "published" three volumes of those journals.  Photo-copies of those journals have been in circulation ever since.

Now those those three notebooks -- Voumes 1, 2, and 4 -- are available in their entirety online.  They were transcribed and encoded by Rex Research, one of the web's largest collections of " information about unconventional", suppressed, dormant, or emerging sciences, technologies, inventions, theories, therapies, and miscellaneous alternatives that offer real hope of liberating humanity" -- a noble pursuit if ever there was one.

For reasons that are not clear, Rex Research is no longer hosting this valuable resource, but their pages have been transferred to the Qaulight Systems, LLC, which offers the most comprehensive collection of documents relating to Townsend Brown's research on the Internet.

Click here to access Volumes 1, 2, and 4 of Townsend Brown's notebooks from Qualight LLC.

Townsend Brown Notebooks Now Online
« Last Edit: February 15, 2012, 12:07:27 AM by zorgon »

Offline zorgon

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Re: Thomas Townsend Brown - The Library Thread
« Reply #6 on: February 15, 2012, 03:33:46 AM »
Antigravity

Definite Anti-Gravitic Potentials

Townsend Brown and His Anti-Gravity Discs
by Gaston Burridge




Quote
Thomas Townsend Brown has been flying strange metal saucer-like discs of his own secret design and make for more than 30 years - some big ones too, up to 30 inches in diameter!

Mostly, Brown has flown his discs in good old common air. The discs are tethered to a mast or pole and the thin, double-saucer-like things fly a circle around and around the mast in free flight.

Only a slight hum is audible as they fly. In the dark they glow with an eerie lavender light, revealing their motive power which is a kind of electricity.

Many scientists and engineers have watched these discs fly. Under their breath, and sometimes out loud, most of them have said the force which makes Brown's discoids spin is one which every high- school physics student knows about - "Electric Wind" - and not a new principle Brown has discovered at all!

One engineer told me, "The whole thing is so screwball I don't want to even talk about it!" Another said, "The device is only about one-tenth of one percent efficient." Both these statements have since been proved incorrect! Most other engineers object to the lack of mathematical substantiation presented by Brown. To engineers and scientists one equation is worth a thousand words! But even an equation is of little use unless it has values assigned to at least some of its main parts. When these were not forthcoming, from a technical point of view, it appeared Brown was walking on straw legs.

Then recently Brown went to France. Under what was virtually a French Government sponsored program of research, Air-France successfully flew some of the Brown discs in a HIGH VACUUM!

And that took all the "electric wind" out of the previously dissenting sails1 These tests were of a highly secret nature and, because of this, and, because they were made in a foreign nation, their results REMAIN CLASSIFIED.

One by one, U.S. engineering and scientific heads are beginning to show above the storm cellars. It is now quietly admitted that perhaps Brown may have something after all!

One thing he DOES have which he has not had before is a sponsor! Perhaps that is the reason for the heads showing from the cellars. There is nothing quite like having financial backing.

What do Brown's inventions mean? Another kind, type, or arrangement of high-speed flight, both within our own atmosphere and in the space beyond it!

How will it compare as a motive force with the rocket motors and the jet engines of today? Of course, we cannot say yet but there is nothing to indicate Brown's method will not compete most favorably with them. Brown's method has definite "anti-gravitic potentials' which their rockets or jets do not have. Because of present patent situations many details of the Brown system must be by-passed here, but it seems they represent no small item in the total picture of space flight.

Since 1923 Brown and his family have spent nearly $250,000 of their own funds on experiments and research into the mysteries of that strangest of strange electrical phenomenon, the "Biefeld-Brown Effect". Electrical literature contains few writings on this subject, mostly because Brown has maintained a tight grip on the information and has not seen fit to write on the matter scientifically or otherwise. No one else has seemed inclined to research the matter. What is more American scientific journals are open to few ideas that DO NOT ORIGINATE with men CONNECTED WITH LARGE UNIVERSITY or COMMERCIAL RESEARCH LABORATORIES!

I first heard of Townsend Brown and his Biefeld-Brown Effect from Mr. Arlin C. Hauser. Hauser is a designer and builder of fine technical instruments in Pasadena who doesn't hold an idea at arms- length because it is "new". Hauser furnished me a copy of a monograph titled, "A SIMPLIFIED EXPLANATION OF THE APPLICATION OF THE BIEFELD-BROWN EFFECT TO THE SOLUTION OF THE PROBLEMS OF SPACE NAVIGATION". This monograph was published by Dr. Mason Rose, president of the University for Social Research, Los Angeles, but was actually written, I learned later, by Mr. Bradford Shank, a nuclear scientist, formally of Los Alamos, now engaged in engineering work for a Los Angeles aircraft valve manufacturer.

Some of the information set forth in this monograph rang a bell way back in my memory.

Between 1919 and 1925 I was "errand boy" in a laboratory conducting experiments with high potential, high frequency alternating currents. We were playing with a million volts at 750,000 cycles per second! A new type of electrical condenser had been built and was to be tested. It was hooked into the circuit but was not "bolted down" - it was heavy.

The director stood at the switchboard; the rest of us at a respectful distance away. The switch was thrown. There was a hum, a bursting flash of green and purple light, a loud bang, a violent lurch and twist of the new condenser and that piece of apparatus lay a smoking ruin! The director said, "Gentlemen, our baby has grown up!"


Thomas Townsend Brown, 1958

It is this movement manifest in an electrical condenser which is the essence of the Biefeld-Brown Effect. This movement makes the Effect highly interesting as an anti-gravitic force!

The Biefeld-Brown Effect says an electrical condenser, when charged, will MOVE TORWARD its positive pole and remain so positioned UNTIL DISCHARGED, if free to do so, regardless of WHICH POLE or WHICH SIDE of the dielectric is made positive.

This movement does not disregard the time-honored "law" which indicates every action carries within it an equal reaction. The reaction, as in gravitation, is present BUT NOT OBVIOUS. The reaction is a finite but vanishingly small movement of all the other matter in the Universe. But the nearest masses are affected first and most!

The Effect was first observed when the condenser plates were charged with a DIRECT CURRENT. But the experience noted above, which was observed subsequently during other experiments, indicates something of the same phenomenon is present when condensers are charged with ALTERNATING current also - but probably not as effectively or as lastingly.

While these alternating current condenser MOVEMENTS were noted at the time, especially when the condensers were initially charged after a long and complete discharge, those directing the research then believed the movements were due to resonances set up within the apparatus by the 60-cycle feed currents. Thus, this phenomenon, though noted, was never investigated by the group to which I was attached.

This electrical condenser movement is believed to have been first perceived and examined by Dr. Paul Alfred Biefeld, professor of physics and astronomy, Denison University, Granville, Ohio, sometime before 1923.

However, search of the Denison University's own published scientific records does not indicate Dr. Biefeld wrote anything regarding this discovery while there. Dr. Lawrence Biefeld, a son of Dr. Paul Alfred Biefeld, writes me that he does not recall his father ever having mentioned discovering such an effect! However, Mr. Bradford Shank who has been intimately associated with several phases of the Townsend Brown Foundation and its work for several years relates that Dr. Biefeld did originate the initial research into the Effect itself and also directed Townsend Brown, then a student at Denision University, in Brown's early interest in the matter.

Although the Effect may have been recognized first by Dr. Biefeld, a greater part of the development research and ALL the practical application of it has been carried on by Brown - mostly at his own expense, over a period of more than 30 years.

Apparently the Effect was named by someone else writing a report on the subject. But had it not been for Townsend Brown's long interest and research this Effect might remain unrecorded and unexploited still!

Evidence indicates the entire Universe, from the greatest systems of stars and their planets down to the smallest atom and its parts - hydrogen - operates on only three basic forces - electricity, magnetism and gravitation. These three forces may be entirely separate and different or they may be only different phases of the same force, a Universal force we have not yet distinguished as such. Regardless of this, we know the relationship between electricity and magnetism and we know this relationship is brought about and maintained by the very simple COIL OF WIRE!

It is quite possible, through the Biefeld-Brown Effect, we have come upon the relationship between electricity and gravitation, a relationship being brought about and maintained through the very simple electrical condenser!

If each of these three forces is considered separately, we find little of practical value in any of them! It is only through combinations of two, and perhaps more, that we begin to use them.

Aside from the researches into the Biefeld-Brown Effect carried on by Mr. Brown science has done practically nothing toward developing the relationship between electricity and gravitation.

Most scientists today will admit a weak COUPLING EFFECT DOES EXIST BETWEEN GRAVITATION AND ELECTRICITY but any practical use of this coupling effect they deny!

Standing almost alone in this belief Mr. Brown has maintained his position regarding the matter stubbornly, faithfully, and devotedly.

If a simple, two-plate electrical condenser (FIGURE 1) is suspended by a cord in such a way as to allow it complete freedom to to move in any direction, except downward of course, and this condenser is charged with the proper amount and pressure of direct electric current the instrument will swing TOWARD the side holding the POSITIVE CHARGE.

If this same condenser is discharged, the positive and negative wires switched and connected oppositely, when recharged the condenser will swing in the OPPOSITE DIRECTION.

If the condenser is placed upon one side of a balanced beam (FIGURE 2) with enough weight opposite it to continue the balance and if the positive pole is pointed up, when the condenser is charged the weight on the opposite side of the beam will fall and the entire condenser WILL RISE!

This shows that some of the "weight" of the condenser has been relieved. If the positive pole now is reversed, when the condenser is again charged the weight on the opposite end of the beam WILL BE LIFTED! This illustrates gravitic affect.

This is the Biefeld-Brown Effect. As far is now known it is the only method of affecting the gravitational field electrically! However, apparently there are several other research programs now under way attempting to establish an electro-gravitic relationship.

One of the mysteries of this Effect is that it APPEARS TO BE AFFECTED BY TIME! Time does not do away with the Effect completely, but it does appear to minimize it temporarily. This was noted first by Brown during experiments located in a closed room.

He watched his discs through a telescope from outside the room. Brown observed that after a time the discs did not swing quite so far as initially, in either direction, with the same electric charge. I understood from Mr. Shank that this point was discussed with Albert Einstein but what Mr. Einstein had to say remains unknown to me.

The phenomenon might be accounted for by subtle atomic structural breakdowns in the dielectric material, or in the plate material, or both. After a time, following a complete discharge, these breakdowns mend themselves.

The intensity with which the Biefeld-Brown Effect may act is determined by five factors. Ultimate intensity cannot possibly be obtained by a combined use of all five factors - each in their separate ultimates! A compromise must be made. This is not as grave a disadvantage as it might seem at first, for it will allow an almost endless arrangement of factors in any given disc or ship.

The best combination of these then may be chosen and applied to a wide variety of practical conditions which will surely arise in everyday aeronautical or astronautical flight.

1) PROXIMITY OF PLATES

The first factor regulating the intensity of the Effect is controlled by the closeness at which the condenser's plates can be set. If the charging pressure - or voltage - is high then the plates will have to be farther apart than for lower voltages -using the same dielectric. If it is necessary to charge the condenser quickly a higher voltage is needed than if more time can be taken. Hence, the closer the condenser plates the greated the Effect gained - other circumstances remaining the same.

2) DIELECTRIC CONSTANT

The second factor is the ability of the material chosen as a dielectric to store electrical energy. There are many kinds of dielectrics: glass, mica, rubber, paper, bakelite, air, ceramics, and many of the plastics. A dielectric is any material which opposes the flow of an electric current and at the same time is capable of storing the electrical energy as an "elastic stress."

The action resembles the squeezing of a soft rubber ball. The muscles in your hand represent the electric voltage. They squeeze the ball's sides together. The sides remain squeezed until your muscles release their pressure, then the sides jump back into their original shape.

A dielectric will absorb an electric charge until its capacity has been reached. Then it will either hold that charge as long as the charging force is present, or it will rupture and the pressure will leak away, or if the accumulated pressure becomes greater than the charging pressure it will discharge itself back into the charging circuit! This last can raise the devil!

Some dielectrics are capable of absorbing a great quantity of electrical energy if that energy is applied slowly at moderate pressure, but they break down if called upon to act quickly. O

ther dielectrics, like lead-free glass, can be charged and discharged thousands of times a second at high pressures. The measure of a dielectric's ability is called the "K" of the material. The higher the K, the greater is the Biefeld-Brown Effect.

3) INTENSITY

A third factor in creating intensity of the Effect is the AREA of the dielectric's charging plates. The discs are used edgewise, and the greater their area, the greater the Effect obtained.

4) VOLTAGE

A fourth factor has to do with the VOLTAGE, or pressure used to charge the condenser's plates. The higher the voltage, the greater the Effect.

Also, the higher the voltage the shorter the time required to charge a given condenser size. But the voltage must not be so high as to puncture the dielectric, the condenser is permanently, or temporarily ruined - depending upon its ability to "heal" itself. Solid dielectrics cannot heal themselves. Fluids heal themselves almost as soon as punctured. (the reason for using OIL filled capacitors...Vangard)

5) MASS (SURFACE AREA)

The fifth and last factor is the MASS ofthe dielectric. The greater the mass, the larger the Effect. These points all are important. They make it clear that by a not too complicated electrical arrangement which allows the changing of many positive pole positions at will an astronautical vehicle could be controlled.

Since a circle contains the greatest number of square units of surface for a given dimension (a torus has even greater surface area...Vangard), it seems obvious that a shallow, disc-shaped vehicle could use this type of energy field to greatest advantage. It would be charged differently than the models because it could carry its own charging equipment on board.

The input energy of some models tested in California quite some time ago (they do not represent present experimental attainments) was about 50 watts, or the requirements of a small light bulb.

The weight of these units was about 1200 grams, or around 42 ounces, or near two and 6/10 pounds. The efficiency of propulsion was 2%.

Unless scientific findings are discounted, we must assume the voltage of atmospheric electricity rises as the distance from the earth's surface increases.

At low altitudes we sometimes record an increase of 100 volts for EVERY THREE FEET IN ELEVATION. But this increase RISES WITH ALTITUDE. It is believed that in that ionosphere a potential of 100 volts may occur within only four inches!

Even though a discoid-shaped vehicle could be relatively thin, compared to its diameter, still it would be many times four inches thick. Hence, it would be subjected to tremendous differentials of external electric pressure over its extreme dimensions.

How will this affect the Biefeld-Brown Effect - or any electrically propelled vehicle? Some say, not at all. Others see it as a sizable barrier!

Anti-gravity devices apparently are being experimented with from a number of directions. Once any one of them becomes practical a whole new horizon will unfold before mankind.

At the present time (1958) some 19 patent applications, covering the Biefeld-Brown Effect and its various applied forms, are being worked on. A new laboratory is also being built. Will Mr. Brown be the first Earthman to build and fly a FLYING SAUCER?

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Vangard notes..

The Law of Equilibrium includes Density. All things Rise or Fall to their own Density. This density can consist of energy in many forms, electric, magnetic, tachyon, etc.

Note the remark regarding the higher voltage potentials in the upper atmosphere. Both the Brown disc and the Searle disc rely on very high voltage potentials to provide lift. The question is whether the electricity seeks its own upper atmosphere level or does it cause some kind of stress in some other type of energy to cause repulsion from the Earth surface or ATTRACTION TO A LAYER EQUIVALENT TO ITS OWN.

ICQ 67216572

SOURCE: Biblioteca Pleyades

Offline zorgon

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Re: Thomas Townsend Brown - The Library Thread
« Reply #7 on: February 15, 2012, 03:34:57 AM »


THE FLYING SAUCER

This document is entitled "A Simplified Explanation of The Application of the Biefeld-Brown Effect* to the Solution of the Problems of Space Navigation", it was published by Mason Rose, Ph.D., President University for Social Research in 1952 - and was written by Bradford Shank a nuclear scientist, formerly of Los Alamos National Laboratory.

[* First published in Science and Invention, August 1929, and Psychic Observer, Vol. XXXVII, No. 1]. Also to be found at the [url-http://www.soteria.com/brown/docs/]T Townsend Brown family website[/url].

The scientist and layman alike encounter a primary difficulty in understanding the Biefeld-Brown effect and it’s relation to the solution of the flying saucer mystery.

A proper interpretation of this theory is prevented because both scientist and layman are conditioned to think in electromagnetic concepts, whereas the Biefeld-Brown effect relates to electrogravitation.

Their lack of awareness is justifiable, however, because the data on electrogravitation, inasmuch as it is a comparatively recent and unpublished development, has limited availability and circulation. Townsend Brown, the discoverer of electrogravitational coupling, is the only known experimental scientist in this new area of scientific development as of this writing. Thus, anyone wanting to understand electrogravitation and its applications to astronautics must dismiss the principles of electromagnetics in order to grasp the essentially different principles of electrogravitation. Electrogravitational effects do not obey the known principles of electromagnetism. Electrogravitation must be understood as an entirely new field of scientific investigation and technical development.

The most efficient method of effecting an understanding of electrogravitation is to review the evolutionary development of electromagnetism.

From the smallest atom to the largest galaxy, the universe operates on three basic forces, namely Electricity, Magnetism and Gravitation. These forces can be represented as follows:

Figure 1 - Three Forces:



Taken separately, these forces are of no real practical use. Electricity by itself is static electricity and therefore functionless. It will make your hair stand on end, but that is about all. Magnetism by itself has very few practical applications aside from the magnetic compass, and gravity simply keeps objects and people pinned to the earth.

However, when they are used to work in combination with each other, almost endless technical applications come into being. Currently, our total electrical development is based on the coupling of electricity with magnetism, which provides the basis for the countless uses we make of electricity in modern societies.

Faraday conducted the first productive empirical experiment with electromagnetism around 1830, and Maxwell did the basic theoretical work in 1865.

The application of electromagnetism to microscopic and sub-microscopic particles was accomplished by Max Planck’s work in quantum physics about 1890; and then in 1905 Einstein came forward with relativity, which dealt with gravitation as applied to celestial bodies and universal mechanics.

It is principally out of the work of these four great scientists that our electrical developments, ranging from the simple lightbulb to the complexities of nuclear physics, have emerged.

In 1923, Dr. Biefeld, Professor of Physics and Astronomy at Dennison University and a former classmate of Einstein in Switzerland, suggested to his protoge, Townsend Brown, certain experiments which led to the discovery of the Biefeld-Brown effect, and ultimately to the electrogravitational energy

spectrum (in actuality, it was Brown who first observed the effect and brought it to the attention of Dr. Biefeld, who suggest further experiments to determine the origin of and enhance the effect - Juniper). Biefeld wondered if an electrical condenser, hung by a thread, would have a tendency to move when it was given a heavy electrical charge. Townsend Brown provided the answer. There is such a tendency.

After 28 years of investigation by Brown into the coupling effect between electricity and gravitation, it was found that for each electromagnetic phenomenon there exists an electrogravitational analogue. This means, from the technical and commercial viewpoint, potentialities for future development and exploitation are as great or greater than the present electrical industry. When one considers that electromagnetism is basic to the telephone, telegraph, radio, television, radar, electric generators and motors, power production and distribution, and is an indispensable adjunct to transportation of all kinds, one can see that the possibility of a parallel, but different development in electrogravitation has almost unlimited prospects.

The initial experiments conducted by Townsend Brown, concerning the behavior of a condenser when charged with electricity, had the characteristic of simplicity which has marked most other great scientific advancements.

The first startling revelation was that if placed in free suspension with the poles horizontal, the condenser, when charged, exhibited a forward thrust toward the positive poles. A reversal of polarity caused a reversal of the direction of thrust. The experiment was set up as follows:

Figure 2 - Biefeld-Brown Effect:



The antigravity effect of vertical thrust is demonstrated by balancing a condenser on a beam balance and then charging it. After charging, if the positive pole is pointed upward, the condenser moves up.
If the charge is reversed and the positive pole pointed downward, the condenser thrusts down. The experiment is conducted as shown here:

Figure 3 - Balance Experiment:



These two simple experiments demonstrate what is now known as the Biefeld-Brown effect. It is the first and, to the best of our knowledge, the only method of affecting a gravitational field by electrical means. It contains the seeds of control of gravity by man. The intensity of the effects is determined by five factors, which are:

1. The separation of the plates of the condenser, the closer the plates, the greater the effect.

2. The ability of the material between the plates to store the electrical energy in the form of elastic stress. A measure of this ability is called the "K" of the material. The higher the "K," the greater the Biefeld-Brown effect.

3. The area of the plates, the greater the area giving the greater effect.

4. The voltage difference between the plates; more voltage, more effect.

5. The mass of the material between the plates; the greater the mass [atomic mass], the greater the effect.

It is this fifth point which is inexplicable from the electromagnetic viewpoint and which provides the connection with gravitation.

On the basis of further experimental work from 1923 to 1926; Townsend Brown in 1926, described what he called a "space car." This was a revolutionary method of terrestrial and extra-terrestrial flight, presented for experiment while motor propelled planes were yet in a primitive stage.

This engineering feat by Townsend Brown was all the more remarkable when we consider such a machine produces thrust with no moving parts, does not use any aerodynamic principles of flight, and has neither control surfaces, or a propeller.

Townsend Brown had discovered the secret of how the flying saucers fly years before and such objects were reported.

Now the basic differences between electromagnetism and electrogravity have been described and the basic principles of the Biefeld-Brown effect have been outlined, we are finally ready to understand the principles of astronautics or the conquest of space.

The earth creates and is surrounded with a gravitational field which approaches zero as we go far into space. This field presses objects and people to the earth’s surface; hence it presses a saucer object to the earth.

However, through the utilization of the Biefeld-Brown effect, the flying saucer can generate an electrogravitational field of its own which modifies the earth’s field.

This field acts like a wave, with the negative pole at the top of the wave and the positive pole at the bottom, the saucer travels like a surfboard on the incline of a wave that is kept continuously moving by the saucer’s electrogravitational generator.

Since the orientation of the field can be controlled, the saucer can thus travel on its own continuously generated wave in any desired angle or direction of flight.

Since the saucer always moves towards its positive pole, the control of the saucer is accomplished by varying the orientation of the positive charge. Control, therefore, is gained by switching charges rather than by the control surfaces. Since the saucer is traveling on the incline of a continually moving wave which it generates to modify the earth’s gravitational field, no mechanical propulsion is necessary.

Figure 4 - Saucer Movement Control:



Once we understand that the horizontal and vertical controls are obtained by shifting the positive pole which turns the field, then we are in a position to extrapolate a finished saucer design.
The method of controlling the flight of the saucer is illustrated by the simple diagrams [above] showing the charge variations necessary to accomplish all directions of flight.

Figure 5 - Saucer Flight Control:



The saucer’s edge would contain a number of conductor segments, and the saucer would turn in any direction simply by shifting the positive and negative charges to appropriate positions along its edge. The vertical thrust would be regulated by varying the charge on top of the saucer, the amount of thrust being regulated by the amount of charge generated.

In all probability, flying saucers do not utilize external controls for direction, nor do they have any visible means of propulsion. Flying saucers travel using the Biefeld-Brown electrogravitational effect, and hence do not utilize any of the standard aerodynamic principles of an airfoil. Flying saucers cannot be understood from the traditional principles of aeronautical engineering; however, the older points of view are useful for critical theoretical analysis and empirical testing.

Before UFO’s were ever seen and validly reported, Townsend Brown developed a captive flying saucer - a scale model saucer with a free bearing going around a stationary pole.

Brown did not start with round objects, in fact, the first object that he flew was a triangle, the next a square, then a square with the edges cut off, and finally a round shaped saucer.

Eventually, experiments proved the saucer shape most effective. Changes were made for empirical reasons.

Having solved the problem of horizontal thrust, Townsend Brown developed a profile shape which would be most efficient to navigate the electrogravitational field for maximum vertical thrust. The final profile that he developed was the shape illustrated here:

Figure 6 - Saucer Profile:



The first report of a disc-shaped object in the sky dates back to the sixteenth century. At long intervals during the centuries since then have come other reports. Most of them are undoubtedly unreliable as observations, distorted by telling and retelling. But in these older reports, as well as in the very numerous series which has accumulated since 1947, there is a teasing common thread concerning appearance and behavior which makes any certainties about the unreality of flying saucers very insecure.

One of the great difficulties in substantiation of these reports is that, in both appearances and behavior, these objects seem to be simple scientific impossibilities. Here are some of the reasons advanced by technical men to prove the impossibility of devices such as the reports describe:

1. The reports reveal, in most cases, no method of propulsion which can be understood. There are no propellers in any of the reports. Some of the reports describe a long flame jet trailing behind a cigar shaped object. But this flame is orange-red in color, indicating an inefficient combustion which would make it ineffective as a reaction jet such as propels rockets and jet planes. No other known physical laws seemed capable of explaining the observed motion of the objects.

2. The reports describe a range of speed and acceleration from stationary hovering to speeds greater than present day rockets can deliver, and the changes of rate of motion, the accelerations, are far beyond the capacities of any known man-made vehicles. Flight experts point out that such accelerations would impose impossible stresses on any human or human like occupants. therefore, they say, the reports must be false or erroneous.

3. Many of the reports concern night sightings and describe a glow, usually of blue or violet color, around a periphery of the objects. Physicists have noted that such a glow is characteristic of a very high voltage electrical discharge, but add that this suggests no means of explaining the appearance or behavior of the objects described in the reports.

4. The description of shapes and performance seems to indicate a complete or almost complete disregard of aerodynamic principles. The objects seem not to need the support of air as a plane does, nor to depend on the lift provided by properly designed surfaces moved rapidly through an air medium.

These are weighty arguments PROVIDED THE ASSUMPTIONS BEHIND THEM ARE CORRECT. As I have previously indicated, the observed motion of a condenser has been labeled the Biefeld-Brown effect.

Studying this effect, Brown pointed out in 1923 that this tendency of a charged condenser to move might easily grow into a new and basically different method of propulsion.

By 1926 he had described a "space car" utilizing this new principle.

By 1928 he had built working models of a boat propelled in this manner.

By 1938 he had shown that his specially designed condensers not only moved, but had certain interesting effects on plants and animals.

All of this, while very exciting, is for most of us just a repetition and reinforcement of the rapid scientific development so characteristic of our age. But then came the unexpected Townsend Brown, working in his laboratory, building models and trying endless variations in size, shape and design of his charged condensers, made a flying saucer which flew around a maypole, before flying saucers became a newspaper topic. And the reasons listed above, which led the specialists to reject the reports of observed saucers, PROVED TO BE BOTH EXPLICABLE AND NECESSARY TO THEIR OPERATION under the electrogravitational principle.

Let us look at the four main objectives in a new light:

1. No understood method of propulsion.
The saucers made by Brown have no propellers, no jets, no moving parts at all. They create a modification of the gravitational field around themselves, which is analogous to putting them on the incline of a hill. They are like a surfboard on a wave: The surfboard moves without propellers or jets too, but it is confined to the direction and speed of the water wave. The electrogravitational saucer creates its own "hill," which is a local distortion of the gravitational field, then it takes this "hill" with it in any chosen direction at any rate.

2. The second objection concerned the tremendous accelerations which on the basis of previous technology, would subject any animal occupants to unbearable stresses. But, says Brown, the occupants of one of his saucers would feel no stress at all, no matter how sharp the turn or how great the acceleration. This is because the ship and all the occupants and the load are all responding equally to the wavelike distortion of the local gravitational field. In an airplane the propeller pumps air backward and, by reaction, the plane moves forward. The reaction thrust on the propeller is transferred to the frame of the aircraft. This frame then shoves the load and occupants forward CONTRARY TO THEIR NATURAL TENDENCY TO MOVE AT A CONSTANT RATE IN A CONSTANT DIRECTION. But in the saucer no such transfers of thrust from one member to another occurs. The entire assembly moves in unison in response to the locally modified gravitational field. The nearest analogy in our experience is going down in an elevator. When the elevator starts down, it is not necessary for the elevator to shove on our bodies, both elevator and passengers share a gravitational tendency to move down. They do so without any shoving or any stresses between elevator and passengers.

3. Townsend Brown’s saucers require a highly charged leading edge - the positive pole. But such a charged pole produces an electrical corona. In the largest models made, this develops a decided bluish-violet glow [seen] easily in the darkness or a dim light. A full scale ship operating on this principle would be expected to produce a spectacular corona effect visible for many miles.

4. The outlines and shape of Brown’s saucers were the result of electrogravitational considerations, not the result of wind tunnel tests of aerodynamic designs. For they move, not on the lift of air, but on the lift of a modified gravitational field. In operating flying saucers such aerodynamic considerations would have to be taken into account to reduce drag and friction, but not to produce lift and thrust.

5. And, finally, when Brown turned his attention to improved ways of generating high voltages, the most promising new method involved the use of a flame jet to convey negative charges astern. This flame was relatively inefficient as a generator if it was adjusted for the best combustion of the fuel. But if it was adjusted to an orange-red color, indicating incomplete combustion of fuel, it conveyed the charges very effectively and set up the required negative space charge [as in Brown's patent 3,022,430] behind the ship.

The reasons advanced by the experts to "explain away" the saucer reports, when seen from a new and different viewpoint appear to be the specific reasons why they can operate, on electrogravitational rather than electromagnetic principles.

The next opinion which must be corrected is the idea of overly intensified supersonic vibration. rose7The Townsend Brown experiments indicate that the positive field which is traveling in front of the saucer acts as a buffer wing which starts moving the air out of the way. This immaterial electrogravitational field acts as an entering wedge which softens the supersonic barrier, thus allowing the material leading edge to enter into a softened pressure area. Diagramed, this would be illustrated as shown here:

Figure 7 - Buffer Wing:



It should be noted that in a jet plane or guided missile the extra weight added to create the Biefeld-Brown electrogravitational effect would be compensated for by the added thrust created by the movement of the plane toward the positive field created in front of the leading edge.

As we have previously stated, for every known electromagnetic effect there is an analogous electrogravitational effect but electrogravitational applications and results differ from those of electromagnetic. This presupposes that an entire new electrogravitational industry comparable to the present electromagnetic industry will emerge from the theoretical formulations and empirical experiments of Townsend Brown.

SOURCE: THE FLYING SAUCER - Energy 21
« Last Edit: February 16, 2012, 05:08:06 AM by zorgon »

Offline zorgon

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Re: Thomas Townsend Brown - The Library Thread
« Reply #8 on: February 15, 2012, 03:38:33 AM »
'PROJET MONTGOLFIER'

EXPERIMENTS INTO THE BIEFELD-BROWN EFFECT undertaken by French aircraft company Société National de Construction Aeronautiques du Sud-Ouest (S.N.C.A.S.O.)/Sud Aviation in collaboration with Thomas Townsend Brown
PARIS/COURBEVOIE, 1955-59



Thomas Townsend Brown at the Paris facility 'B-12' of SNCASO in 1955 or '56

PROJET MONTGOLFIER Home Page

Papers:

This one mentions project winterhaven on the first page however this report is in French  But at least John and I can read that :D

SECTION 1 Projet MONTGOLFIER  pp. 1-15 Paris,  July 1, 1957 

SECTION 2: ANNEXES - DATA & ANALYSIS

SECTION 2A

SECTION 2B

SECTION 2C

SECTION 2D

SECTION 2E

SECTION 2F

SECTION 2G

SECTION 2H

SECTION 3 Projet MONTGOLFIER: Final Report Courbevoie, April 15, 1959 pp.1-27




The Flying Saucer by Mason Rose Original Copy Scans

The Flying Saucer: A Simplified Explanation of the Application of the Biefeld-Brown Effect to the Solution of the Problem of Space Navigation by Mason Rose, Ph.D., PDF Copy of Original Paper

INTRODUCTION TO PROJET MONTGOLFIER REPORTS
by Jacques M. Cornillon

T. Townsend Brown Proposal - PDF

T. Townsend Brown Blueprints

PROJET MONTGOLFIER Home Page


Offline zorgon

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Re: Thomas Townsend Brown - The Library Thread
« Reply #9 on: February 15, 2012, 03:38:59 AM »
"BELL" AND "WINTERHAVEN" - twins?

Thomas Townsend Brown


Thomas Townsend Brown, 1958

The following article translated from Russian via Google Translate:

Quote
It is known that in 1932, Brown served as a staff physicist at the Naval ... expedition to study gravity in the West Indies. By 1940, Brown appointed head of the Office of Naval Research and the development of methods of naval minesweeping. During this period he carried out experiments for the destruction of the magnetic field (the "demagnetization") ships. In 1942 Brown was appointed head of the Military-Technical School to study radar Atlantic Fleet and the gyroscopic Service (Norfolk, Virginia). Is not known over what exactly at the time Brown was working, but the following year, he is a heavy nervous breakdown and he was dismissed from the Navy. However, in 1944 he again returned to work as a consultant on radar (Berrbenk, CA) in the division of the company "Lockheed" - "Vega". At the end of the war, Brown moved to Pearl Harbor (Hawaii), which begins intensive work in the field elektrograviatsii.
In 1945 in Hawaii, Brown demonstrated the action "gravitator" flying disks, and Admiral Arthur W. Radford, Commander in Chief U.S. Pacific Fleet. At this time, Brown works as a consultant to the naval base at Pearl Harbor.

Quote
Apparently, the demonstration did not cause any surprise to the naval forces, although the formal evidence on this score has not survived.

Immediately after the experiment at Pearl Harbor, Brown's out of the room were stolen all the records. However, a few days later they were returned.

From 1945 to 1952 on the activities of Brown's almost nothing is known except that he returned to Los Angeles, where he founded the Townsend Brown Foundation. In 1952, the Foundation for an unplanned visit, Major General U.S. Air Force Victor E. Betrandias. After his visit to the Townsend Brown Foundation held a telephone conversation between Betrandiasom and the U.S. Air Force Gen. Craig. At the disposal of Nick Cook was a tape of this conversation is very curious:

Betrandias: - This is incredible, but on Friday I, along with a man named Lear visited the Townsend Brown Foundation, and you will not believe me, but I saw a model of a flying saucer.

Craig: - It can not be.

Betrandias: - I thought I should report it. Employees of the Fund's long objected to my visit, and the organization I was scared, because it is headed by a group of individuals. I stayed there for about a half-second to five in the evening, I saw two that had on me such a huge impression, that I decided that we need to know who these people are legitimate, and whether their association. Now these developments on the stage at which was at the beginning of work on the atomic bomb.

Craig: - Clear.

Betrandias: - I was told that I should not tell you anything about what they saw, but I'm afraid that I believe in all this, because the fund does not sit students. They occupy a fairly well-equipped room in Los Angeles. I thought that I should contact you.

Craig: - Yes, I'll do that, we'll see what I can find out.

Rather, Maj. Gen. Betrandias faced with developments in the Brown Foundation Project "Winterhaven", to create electrogravitic combat aircraft in the form of a disk that can reach speeds of Mach three (10), which was twice the rate of the most powerful jet interceptor that time. Apparently, at the time of the visit Betrandiasa project was in preparation for the official transfer of the military department.

The text of the draft "Winterhaven" Brown follows his model describes the test drive: "They contain no moving parts, and while in flight, can not rotate. In the atmosphere, they emit a bluish-red electric corona glow and emit a faint hissing sound. "

Brown formulated a method of generating the required high voltage for free-flying disc through a "gas-jet generator." It was a jet engine, modified to the electrostatic generator, capable of transmitting body aircraft up to fifteen million volts. Thus, the project was ready to move from drawing board to the technology demonstration phase.

A few days after the conversation, Major-General Betrandiasa with Gen. Craig entered it in the Office of Special Investigations U.S. Air Force. Office released a copy of the report prepared by the Office of Naval Research of the U.S. Navy, "Investigations of Townsend Brown Foundation." The report went on the table, the deputy chief inspector of the U.S. Air Force Maj. Gen. Joseph F. Carroll (11). At its base the Air Force and its arch-rival - the United States Navy, officially put an end to Brown's development, citing the fact that the effect caused by the "electric wind".

However, there is reason to believe that Brown's work was rejected not because of their academic failure, but because of their principles and even the subject of research was already well known!

In this light, it becomes clear episode of the abduction accounts Brown. Perhaps someone wanted to make sure that Brown's development based solely on its own theoretical and practical material, and not the result of some leakage of classified information.

This version shows the contents of the secret Memorandum Chief of Logistics (AMC), U.S. Air Force Lt. Gen. Neytena Tuayninga F. (Nathan F. Twining), directed the U.S. Air Force Chief of Staff Lieutenant-General Bendenbepgu (Hoyt S. Vandenberg), (copy - Office of the Chief of Air Intelligence, Brigadier General J. Shulgenu).

Quote
This paper presents an opinion on Tuayning numerous sightings over the United States of strange flying objects (so-called "flying disks"):


Memorandum Chief of Logistics bespecheniya (AMC), U.S. Air Force Lt. Gen. Tuayninga, Air Force chief of staff outlining the views of the "flying disks" from 23.09.1947 year (a copy of the first page)

Quote
23/09/1947 Secret
Headquarters Logistics Command of the Air Force
Contents: The opinion of the AMC's "flying disks"
For the Air Force Chief of Staff
Washington 25, DC
Also: Brigadier General John Shulgenu
AS/AS-2

A. In response to a request AC/AS-2 inform management point of view on the so-called "flying disks". This opinion is based on data from reports submitted AC/AS-2, and preliminary studies of employees of T-2 aircraft and the Laboratory of the Technical Division T-3. This opinion came at a meeting of the Institute of Aviation Technologies, a division of Technical Intelligence T-2, the chief of the Division of Mechanics and representatives of the Laboratory for the study of airplane, propeller and motor subject of the Technical Division T-3.
Two. The opinion is as follows:

a) The phenomenon is something real and not an illusion or fabrication.

c) Objects are likely to have a disk, and such apparent size, which appear as large as the aircraft made ??by human beings.

c) It is possible that some cases are due to natural causes, such as meteors.

d) describes the characteristics of actions, such as very high rate of climb, maneuverability (particularly when moving in a circle), and the actions that should be considered as a flight in visual contact with friendly aircraft and radar, making plausible the possibility that some objects are managed either manually or automatically, or remotely. The usual description of the objects as follows:

- Metallic or light reflecting surface.

- No trace, except in those rare cases where the object is executed complex maneuvers, demonstrating the high flight data.

- Rounded or elliptical shape, flat bottom and domed top.

- Some reports indicated the presence of well-observed by system, consisting of several (3-9) objects.

- Usually the objects silent, except for three cases in which marked a rattling sound.

- Normal speed is in the range of 550 km / h. With the use of modern knowledge, subject to detailed studies of the organization, you can create a manned vehicle having a similar general description given in paragraphs. 1-6, which could have a flight range of up to 12,000 km and a velocity close to the speed of sound.

Three. Any research in this area in order to solve technical problems require huge expenditures of time and money, greatly exceeding the cost of existing projects, and therefore can be initiated only as an independent project, not associated with existing ones.

As a result of consideration can be expressed as follows:

A. There is a possibility that these objects are created in the U.S. and are the result of top-secret development, are not known AC / AS, and Command.
Two. While no physical evidence in the form of fragments of wrecked objects, uncertainty continues to exist in the reality of these objects.
Three. There is a possibility that a foreign power propulsion, possibly nuclear, which are unknown to the principles of the United States.
4. It is recommended that the headquarters of the Air Force issued a directive that determines the order of the degree of importance and the code name for a detailed research program on the subject, to begin preparing a full review of all available and relevant information, which then provide the basic research units of the U.S. military to issue recommendations and comment on the matter. Within 15 days after receipt of data and a preliminary report in 30 days - the final detailed report.

In anticipation of emerging regulations Logistics Command of the Air Force should be on their own initiative to continue the study of phenomena of this class. Detailed profile information, registration will be developed in the near future, and immediately sent out through the channels of communication.

NF Tuayning,
Lieutenant General, Commander

(A copy of the National Archives) (13)

SOURCE: Live Journal - Russia

English Translation

Offline zorgon

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Re: Thomas Townsend Brown - The Library Thread
« Reply #10 on: February 15, 2012, 03:39:31 AM »
RaFöG Space Energy Development Corporation
Experiments on electro gravity
The replication of JL Naudins "lift" experiment



Lifter


The American physicist Thomas Townsend Brown, discoverer of the electric gravity


Fig.2 The discovery of T.Townsend Brown represented fundamentally (1928)


Fig.3 Coolidge X-Ray Tube

German Coverage
Versuche zur Elektrogravitation - Die Replikation von J.L. Naudins „Lifter“ Experiment
Experiments on electro gravity - The replication of JL Naudin's "lift" experiment

French Coverage
The Lifters Experiments home page by Jean-Louis Naudin... - JLN Labs




The full story of the Lifter project
By Jean-Louis Naudin




Quote
The Lifter uses the Biefeld-Brown effect discovered by Thomas Townsend Brown in 1928. The basic design of the Lifter has been fully described in the Townsend Brown US Patent N°2949550 filed on Aug 16, 1960 and titled "Elektrokinetic Apparatus", you will find in this patent the full description of the main principle used in the Lifter devices :
<< It is therefore an object of my invention to provide an apparatus for converting the energy of an electrical potential directly into a mechanical force suitable for causing relative motion between a structure and the surrounding medium. It is another object of this invention to provide a novel apparatus for converting and electrical potential directly to usable kinetic energy.
It is another object of this invention to provide a novel apparatus for converting electrostatic energy directly into kinetic energy.
It is another object of this invention to provide a vehicle motivated by electrostatic energy without the use of moving parts.
It is still another object of this invention to provide a self- propelled vehicle without moving parts. It is a feature of my invention to provide an apparatus for producing relative motion between a structure and the surrounding medium which apparatus includes a pair of electrodes of appropriate form held in fixed spaced relation to each other and immersed in a dielectric medium and oppositely charged. It is another feature of my invention to provide apparatus which includes a body defining one electrode, another separate electrode supported in fixed spaced relation by said body, and a source of high electrical potential connected between the body and the separate electrode. >> ( Extract from US Patent N°2949550 filed on Aug 16, 1960 titled "Elektrokinetic Apparatus" )

On October 5, 2000, the Hector Serrano's patent WO 00/58623 " Propulsion device and method employing electric fields for producing thrust " has been granted. This patent is very close to the Aymmetrical Capacitor Thruster ( ACT ) patented by the NASA ( patent US 6,317,310 , granted on Nov 2001 ) . These two devices use the Biefeld-Brown Effect for producing a thrust Vs the surrounding medium ( this effect was discovered by Townsend Brown in 1928 in his Gravitator, see the GB Patent N°300311 filed on Nov 15, 1928 "A method of and an apparatus or machine for producing force or motion" from T.Townsend Brown ).



French Coverage
The Lifters Experiments home page by Jean-Louis Naudin... - JLN Labs
The story of the Lifter Project By Jean-Louis Naudin

JLN Labs - The Quest for Over Unity

Offline zorgon

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Re: Thomas Townsend Brown - The Library Thread
« Reply #11 on: February 15, 2012, 03:40:58 AM »
UFO's driving force uncovers the truth of the theory of weightlessness

Seems the Koreans have some interesting ideas about us and anti gravity. So I figured to include this for perspective :D  I believe this is a Korean UFO blog ;) There are a couple interesting pictures that I want to follow up on though. Haven't seen them before


Photo: Zero Gravity Engine devices rests B2 bombers of the United States


Photo: U.S. antigravity technology guru Dr. Brown

Quote
In the United States as of the second Einstein called a veil shrouded in nearly 50 years spent the rest of his life was a physicist.

His name is Dr. Thomas Townsend Brown.

He late 1940s as the world's first zero-gravity device using electrical development, in fact, circular objects flying through the experiment have succeeded.

Nice! Guru, second to Einstein... flattering :D


Photo caption: Dr. Brown, designed by the late 1940s circular flying object type Z49

Quote
Dr. Brown's most famous UFO, Type Z49 he (1947 alien crash-landing of a UFO hayeotdaneun) U.S. Army Research Institute of America at work near Roswell, UFO anomalies at the time of the battle fell reassembly 'clock, raking debris to create a new design was born as.

Dr. Brown died of cancer in 1987, his scientific achievements belong to all of the top-secret name was a blow at relations of life, not finishing, but nowadays, people all over the world long ago, I began to thaw a secret Pentagon appeared on the information reporting his accomplishments, he began to consider a second to Einstein.


Photo: The Germans made ??using the propeller circular object

Quote
The picture above physics at the University of Berlin, Germany in 1989 the team made ??a test flight of a small flying object peuropelreosik appearance.

Currently in the U.S. Army, the flying object is used by the UAV.


Photo: British Rolls-Royce jet yen formation of four saucer flying object)

Korean Coverage
UFO's driving force uncovers the truth of the theory of weightlessness.
English Translation

Offline zorgon

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Re: Thomas Townsend Brown - The Library Thread
« Reply #12 on: February 15, 2012, 03:42:37 AM »
Thomas Townsend Brown

Editors Note:

    I have no doubts about the validity of Thomas Townsend Brown and is incredible claims of an "anti-gravitic" discovery. I have reproduced his devices in my lab. This is NOT FICTION!  I will continue my efforts to provide verifiable information based on my reproducible experiments and research. These experiments are solely financed by myself and truthfully reported to the public.

    I have made many improvements to Dr. Brown's devices and have discovered other new wonderful concepts and effects based on his initial research. This article is to acknowledge Thomas Townsend Brown and give him the proper recognition he truly deserves. In addition, I wish to enlighten the reader of this information with the following facts.
     
    Mark Bean


Gravity Discs:



    Thomas Townsend Brown has been flying strange metal saucer-like discs of his own secret design and make for more than 40 years. Some big ones too, up to 30 inches in diameter. Unfortunately, Dr. Brown passed away in 1987.

    Mostly, Brown has flown his discs in good old common air. The discs are tethered to a mast or pole and the thin, double-saucer-like things fly a circle around and around the mast in free flight.

    Only a slight hum is audible as they fly. In the dark they glow with an eerie lavender light, revealing their motive power which is a kind of electricity.

    Many scientists and engineers have watched these discs fly. Under their breath, and sometimes out loud, most of them have said the force which makes Brown's discoids spin is one which every high- school physics student knows about - "Electric Wind" - and not a new principle Brown has discovered at all!

    One engineer once said, "The whole thing is so screwball I don't want to even talk about it!" Another said, "The device is only about one-tenth of one percent efficient." Both these statements have since been proved incorrect! Most other engineers object to the lack of mathematical substantiation presented by Brown. To engineers and scientists one equation is worth a thousand words! But even an equation is of little use unless it has values assigned to at least some of its main parts. When these were not forthcoming, from a technical point of view, it appeared Brown was walking on straw legs.

    Then recently Brown went to France. Under what was virtually a French Government sponsored program of research, Air-France successfully flew some of the Brown discs in a HIGH VACUUM!

    And that took all the "electric wind" out of the previously dissenting sails These tests were of a highly secret nature and, because of this, and, because they were made in a foreign nation, their results REMAIN CLASSIFIED.

    One by one, U.S. engineering and scientific heads are beginning to show above the storm cellars. It is now quietly admitted that perhaps Brown may have something after all!

    One thing he DOES have which he has not had before is a sponsor! Perhaps that is the reason for the heads showing from the cellars. There is nothing quite like having financial backing.

    What do Brown's inventions mean? Another kind, type, or arrangement of high-speed flight, both within our own atmosphere and in the space beyond it!

    How will it compare as a motive force with the rocket motors and the jet engines of today? Of course, we cannot say yet but there is nothing to indicate Brown's method will not compete most favorably with them. Brown's method has definite "anti-gravitic potentials' which their rockets or jets do not have. Because of present patent situations many details of the Brown system must be by-passed here, but it seems they represent no small item in the total picture of space flight.

    Since 1923 Brown and his family have spent nearly $250,000 of their own funds on experiments and research into the mysteries of that strangest of strange electrical phenomenon, the "Biefeld-Brown Effect". Electrical literature contains few writings on this subject, mostly because Brown has maintained a tight grip on the information and has not seen fit to write on the matter scientifically or otherwise. No one else has seemed inclined to research the matter. What is more American scientific journals are open to few ideas that DO NOT ORIGINATE with men CONNECTED WITH LARGE UNIVERSITY or COMMERCIAL RESEARCH LABORATORIES!

    I first heard of Townsend Brown and his Biefeld-Brown Effect from Mr. Arlin C. Hauser. Hauser is a designer and builder of fine technical instruments in Pasadena who doesn't hold an idea at arms- length because it is "new". Hauser furnished me a copy of a monograph titled, "A SIMPLIFIED EXPLANATION OF THE APPLICATION OF THE BIEFELD-BROWN EFFECT TO THE SOLUTION OF THE PROBLEMS OF SPACE NAVIGATION". This monograph was published by Dr. Mason Rose, president of the University for Social Research, Los Angeles, but was actually written, I learned later, by Mr. Bradford Shank, a nuclear scientist, formally of Los Alamos, now engaged in engineering work for a Los Angeles aircraft valve manufacturer.

    Some of the information set forth in this monograph rang a bell way back in my memory.

    "Between 1919 and 1925 I was a errand boy in a laboratory conducting experiments with high potential, high frequency alternating currents. We were playing with a million volts at 750,000 cycles per second! A new type of electrical condenser had been built and was to be tested. It was hooked into the circuit but was not "bolted down" - it was heavy".

    The director stood at the switchboard; the rest of us at a respectful distance away. The switch was thrown. There was a hum, a bursting flash of green and purple light, a loud bang, a violent lurch and twist of the new condenser and that piece of apparatus lay a smoking ruin! The director said, "Gentlemen, our baby has grown up!"

    It is this movement manifest in an electrical condenser which is the essence of the Biefeld-Brown Effect. This movement makes the Effect highly interesting as an anti-gravitic force!

    The Biefeld-Brown Effect says an electrical condenser, when charged, will MOVE TOWARD its positive pole and remain so positioned UNTIL DISCHARGED, if free to do so, regardless of WHICH POLE or WHICH SIDE of the dielectric is made positive.

    This movement does not disregard the time-honored "law" which indicates every action carries within it an equal reaction. The reaction, as in gravitation, is present BUT NOT OBVIOUS. The reaction is a finite but vanishingly small movement of all the other matter in the Universe. But the nearest masses are affected first and most!

    The Effect was first observed when the condenser plates were charged with a DIRECT CURRENT. But the experience noted above, which was observed subsequently during other experiments, indicates something of the same phenomenon is present when condensers are charged with ALTERNATING current also - but probably not as effectively or as lastingly.

    While these alternating current condenser MOVEMENTS were noted at the time, especially when the condensers were initially charged after a long and complete discharge, those directing the research then believed the movements were due to resonance set up within the apparatus by the 60-cycle feed currents. Thus, this phenomenon, though noted, was never investigated by the group to which I was attached.

    This electrical condenser movement is believed to have been first perceived and examined by Dr. Paul Alfred Biefeld, professor of physics and astronomy, Denison University, Granville, Ohio, sometime before 1923.

    However, search of the Denison University's own published scientific records does not indicate Dr. Biefeld wrote anything regarding this discovery while there. Dr. Lawrence Biefeld, a son of Dr. Paul Alfred Biefeld, writes me that he does not recall his father ever having mentioned discovering such an effect! However, Mr. Bradford Shank who has been intimately associated with several phases of the Townsend Brown Foundation and its work for several years relates that Dr. Biefeld did originate the initial research into the Effect itself and also directed Townsend Brown, then a student at Denision University, in Brown's early interest in the matter.

    Although the Effect may have been recognized first by Dr. Biefeld, a greater part of the development research and ALL the practical application of it has been carried on by Brown - mostly at his own expense, over a period of more than 40 years.

    Apparently the Effect was named by someone else writing a report on the subject. But had it not been for Townsend Brown's long interest and research this Effect might remain unrecorded and unexplored still!

    Evidence indicates the entire Universe, from the greatest systems of stars and their planets down to the smallest atom and its parts - hydrogen - operates on only three basic forces - electricity, magnetism and gravitation. These three forces may be entirely separate and different or they may be only different phases of the same force, a Universal force we have not yet distinguished as such. Regardless of this, we know the relationship between electricity and magnetism and we know this relationship is brought about and maintained by the very simple COIL OF WIRE!

    It is quite possible, through the Biefeld-Brown Effect, we have come upon the relationship between electricity and gravitation, a relationship being brought about and maintained through the very simple electrical condenser!

    If each of these three forces is considered separately, we find little of practical value in any of them! It is only through combinations of two, and perhaps more, that we begin to use them.

    Aside from the researches into the Biefeld-Brown Effect carried on by Mr. Brown science has done practically nothing toward developing the relationship between electricity and gravitation.

    Most scientists today will admit a weak COUPLING EFFECT DOES EXIST BETWEEN GRAVITATION AND ELECTRICITY but any practical use of this coupling effect they deny!

    Standing almost alone in this belief Mr. Brown has maintained his position regarding the matter stubbornly, faithfully, and devotedly.

    If a simple, two-plate electrical condenser  is suspended by a cord in such a way as to allow it complete freedom to to move in any direction, except downward of course, and this condenser is charged with the proper amount and pressure of direct electric current the instrument will swing toward the side holding the positive charge.

    If this same condenser is discharged, the positive and negative wires switched and connected oppositely, when recharged the condenser will swing in the OPPOSITE DIRECTION.

    If the condenser is placed upon one side of a balanced beam with enough weight opposite it to continue the balance and if the positive pole is pointed up, when the condenser is charged the weight on the opposite side of the beam will fall and the entire condenser will rise!

    This shows that some of the "weight" of the condenser has been relieved. If the positive pole now is reversed, when the condenser is again charged the weight on the opposite end of the beam will be lifted! This illustrates gravitic affect.

    This is the Biefeld-Brown Effect. As far is now known it is the only method of affecting the gravitational field electrically! However, apparently there are several other research programs now under way attempting to establish an electro-gravitic relationship.

    One of the mysteries of this Effect is that it appears to be affected over time! Time does not do away with the Effect completely, but it does appear to minimize it temporarily. This was noted first by Brown during experiments located in a closed room.

    He watched his discs through a telescope from outside the room. Brown observed that after a time the discs did not swing quite so far as initially, in either direction, with the same electric charge. I understood from Mr. Shank that this point was discussed with Albert Einstein but what Mr. Einstein had to say remains unknown to me.

    The phenomenon might be accounted for by subtle atomic structural breakdowns in the dielectric material, or in the plate material, or both. After a time, following a complete discharge, these breakdowns mend themselves.

    The intensity with which the Biefeld-Brown Effect may act is determined by five factors. Ultimate intensity cannot possibly be obtained by a combined use of all five factors - each in their separate ultimates! A compromise must be made. This is not as grave a disadvantage as it might seem at first, for it will allow an almost endless arrangement of factors in any given disc or ship.

    The best combination of these then may be chosen and applied to a wide variety of practical conditions which will surely arise in everyday aeronautical or astronautical flight.

Proximity Of Plates:

    The first factor regulating the intensity of the Effect is controlled by the closeness at which the
    condenser's plates can be set. If the charging pressure - or voltage - is high then the plates will have to be farther apart than for lower voltages -using the same dielectric. If it is necessary to charge the condenser quickly a higher voltage is needed than if more time can be taken. Hence, the closer the condenser plates the greater the Effect gained - other circumstances remaining the same.

Dielectric Constant:

    The second factor is the ability of the material chosen as a dielectric to store electrical energy. There are many kinds of dielectrics: glass, mica, rubber, paper, bakelite, air, ceramics, and many of the plastics. A dielectric is any material which opposes the flow of an electric current and at the same time is capable of storing the electrical energy as an "elastic stress."

    The action resembles the squeezing of a soft rubber ball. The muscles in your hand represent the
    electric voltage. They squeeze the ball's sides together. The sides remain squeezed until your
    muscles release their pressure, then the sides jump back into their original shape.

    A dielectric will absorb an electric charge until its capacity has been reached. Then it will either hold that charge as long as the charging force is present, or it will rupture and the pressure will leak away, or if the accumulated pressure becomes greater than the charging pressure it will discharge itself back into the charging circuit! This last can raise the devil!

    Some dielectrics are capable of absorbing a great quantity of electrical energy if that energy is
    applied slowly at moderate pressure, but they break down if called upon to act quickly.

    Other dielectrics, like lead-free glass, can be charged and discharged thousands of times a second at high pressures. The measure of a dielectric's ability is called the "K" of the material. The higher the K, the greater is the Biefeld-Brown Effect.

Intensity:

    A third factor in creating intensity of the effect is the area of the dielectric's charging plates. The
    discs are used edgewise, and the greater their area, the greater the Effect obtained.

Voltage:

    A fourth factor has to do with the voltage, or pressure used to charge the condenser's plates. The higher the voltage, the greater the Effect.

    Also, the higher the voltage the shorter the time required to charge a given condenser size. But the voltage must not be so high as to puncture the dielectric, the condenser is permanently, or temporarily ruined - depending upon its ability to "heal" itself. Solid dielectrics cannot heal themselves. Fluids heal themselves almost as soon as punctured. (the reason for using oil filled capacitors).

Mass, (Surface Area):

    The fifth and last factor is the mass of the dielectric. The greater the mass, the larger the effect.
    These points all are important. They make it clear that by a not too complicated electrical arrangement which allows the changing of many positive pole positions at will an astronautical vehicle could be controlled.

    Since a circle contains the greatest number of square units of surface for a given dimension (a toroid has even greater surface area), it seems obvious that a shallow, disc-shaped vehicle could use this type of energy field to greatest advantage. It would be charged differently than the models because it could carry its own charging equipment on board.

    The input energy of some models tested in California quite some time ago (they do not represent present experimental attainments) was about 50 watts, or the requirements of a small light bulb.

    The weight of these units was about 1200 grams, or around 42 ounces, or near two and 6/10 pounds. The efficiency of propulsion was 2%.

    Unless scientific findings are discounted, we must assume the voltage of atmospheric electricity rises as the distance from the earth's surface increases.

    At low altitudes we sometimes record an increase of 100 volts for every three feet in elevation. But this increase rises in altitude. It is believed that in that ionosphere a potential of 100 volts may occur within only four inches!

    Even though a discoid-shaped vehicle could be relatively thin, compared to its diameter, still it would be many times four inches thick. Hence, it would be subjected to tremendous differentials of external electric pressure over its extreme dimensions.

    How will this affect the Biefeld-Brown Effect - or any electrically propelled vehicle? Some say, not at all. Others see it as a sizable barrier!

    Anti-gravity devices apparently are being experimented with from a number of directions. Once any one of them becomes practical a whole new horizon will unfold before mankind.



    There is a present day rumor that the B-2 Stealth Bomber is in fact using a electrogravitic propulsion system in addition to the primary twin General Electric low profile engines. Once up in the air, and when a certain speed is reached, the Electrogravitic power system is engaged and the main GE engines are eased back. The leading edge of the mono-winged craft is treated with depleted uranium, (a super high dielectric material), and positively charged. The exhaust is negatively charged providing the "Biefeld-Brown Effect", thus causing an electromotive force moving the craft forward in the direction of the positively charge wing. This has proven to be a very efficient propulsion system compared to the amount of energy it takes to initialize and maintain the effect.
     
        - Mark Bean

END OF FILE


Reprinted Courtesy of J.L. Naudin - JNL Labs

Offline zorgon

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Re: Thomas Townsend Brown - The Library Thread
« Reply #13 on: February 15, 2012, 04:45:58 AM »
ETHER TECHNOLOGY

A Rational Approach to Gravity Control
by Rho Sigma
forward by Dr. Edgar Mitchell




THE UNDERGROUND CLASSIC IS BACK IN PRINT!

ETHER TECHNOLOGY

This is a 108 page document that I have not yet had the time to read... Lots of names, drawings and references to follow up on



There is even a section on John Searl  with a couple photos I have not seen before

"ETHER-VORTEX-TURBINE" IN ENGLAND


« Last Edit: February 15, 2012, 04:51:33 AM by zorgon »

Offline zorgon

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Re: Thomas Townsend Brown - The Library Thread
« Reply #14 on: July 22, 2012, 01:26:22 AM »
What a great and informative thread this is.  Thank you, Zorgon.

As I look at the photos from the Paris tests, provided by Cornillion family via the Project Montgolfier website, I am reminded that there are was something else going on  at that time that relates to the Townsend Brown story:



We have been told that this is directly related to the disappearance of diver Buster Crabb, the following year. I don't know how to make this a tidy link, but the summary of that is here:
http://jansrose.blogspot.com/2010/02/before-we-leave-buster.html

The British originally sealed the records of that event with a future release date of 2012.  Perhaps we will learn more about it sometime this year. Townsend's biographer, Paul Schatzkin, was fond of referring to the Rabbit Hole he fell into when he began to research his subject. The more serious reader/researchers lend themselves to this topic, the more light we will be able to shine down that hole.

rose


 


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