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Offline zorgon

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The Stone Spheres
« on: February 12, 2013, 12:44:53 AM »
The Stone Spheres

How odd  I was sure I had done this thread but it appears empty and I cannot find the images of the stone spheres on my computer so...

Lets start with the latest update...

Oddly enough this was posted recently on Art Bell's site "Midnight in the Desert - Live Late Night Talk Radio"  I thought that was closed down and he had retired...

Seems this Timeline is all messed up :P

 ::)


Researchers in Costa Rica unearth a nearly ‘Perfect’ massive stone sphere
Posted on August 13, 2017




Excavations in Costa Rica have revealed a massive—nearly perfect—stone sphere, prompting experts to ask how such precision was achieved thousands of years ago.

“We have studied the terrain in which there are more than 15 of these spheres, and some are placed beside areas that give access to residential buildings as if they were placed there to welcome you. They were used as a sign of hierarchy, rank and ethnic distinction, “explains archaeologist Francisco Corrales of the National Museum of Costa Rica.

The massive stone spheres are referred to as the stone spheres of Diquis, a region to the south of Costa Rica, and were made between the year 300 and 1500 AD by the predecessors of the Boruca Culture, explains a post on the Facebook post on the National Museum of Costa Rica.

These massive spheres were located within important settlements, forming sets or alignments and as part of principal architectural structures, to reinforce the prestige of a place and the position of power of the leaders.

Read More: Ancient Code

http://midnightinthedesert.com/researchers-costa-rica-unearth-nearly-perfect-massive-stone-sphere/
« Last Edit: August 17, 2017, 01:43:24 PM by zorgon »

Offline zorgon

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Re: The Stone Spheres
« Reply #1 on: August 17, 2017, 02:23:51 PM »
Researchers in Costa Rica unearth a nearly ‘Perfect’ massive stone sphere
By  Ivan


Excavations in Costa Rica have revealed a massive—nearly perfect—stone sphere, prompting experts to ask how such precision was achieved thousands of years ago.



“We have studied the terrain in which there are more than 15 of these spheres, and some are placed beside areas that give access to residential buildings as if they were placed there to welcome you. They were used as a sign of hierarchy, rank and ethnic distinction, “explains archaeologist Francisco Corrales of the National Museum of Costa Rica.

The massive stone spheres are referred to as the stone spheres of Diquis, a region to the south of Costa Rica, and were made between the year 300 and 1500 AD by the predecessors of the Boruca Culture, explains a post on the Facebook post on the National Museum of Costa Rica.

These massive spheres were located within important settlements, forming sets or alignments and as part of principal architectural structures, to reinforce the prestige of a place and the position of power of the leaders.

The great quantity of these sculptures, the fine finish of their surface, their nearly perfect sphericity, the variety of sizes, as well as the manufacturing process, symbolism, and use in public spaces making them exceptional archaeological artifacts, explains the Diquis website.


A massive stone sphere has just been excavated by experts in Costa Rica. Image Credit

“It’s an incredible opportunity to study these unique elements in the world and in particular the five partially buried spheres located in the archaeological zone Finca 6,” says Mexican archaeologist and researcher Isabel Medina.

“We work to release the spheres employing an archaeological excavation in order to document their state, both on the exposed upper surface and on the ground, with the aim of forming a record of the physical state of each one.”


The elaboration of the spheres began around 300 AD. Image Credit

According to Medina, the decision to maintain the half-buried spheres “has been adequate for its in situ conservation and its subsequent study,” which is already being carried out by a multidisciplinary team from the National Museum of Costa Rica.

The spheres have incredible perfection since “some of them reach 96 percent”, says Corrales, who also studies the instruments with which the spheres were made:

“We found the tools that were used near the spheres and the instruments which were used to smoothen the stone. They were made of various materials, granite and gabbro rocks, limestone or sandstone, but mostly gabbro.“

The production of spheres involved grinding large blocks of igneous stone, such as gabbro, granodiorite, and andesite or sedimentary stones such as limestone and sandstone.

The process involved chopping the surface with stone tools, the ancients used heat as it allowed the removal of extra layers of rock and with the help of wooden tools, it was possible to control their roundness.

The surface was treated with abrasives as sand to match and the larger spheres were also polished to give them luster or gloss. There are spheres of a few centimeters up to 2.66 meters in diameter and they can weigh as much as 25 tons.

The raw material for their creation is located in the foothills of the Cordillera Costeña. From there, the material or the semi-finished sculpture was moved to the site where the sphere would be located and was finished there.

It is unknown how the ancients transported the stones, but it was a complex work, which involved a great organization, mobilization of people, the use of levers and bearing bases.

Regrettalby, most of the spheres were removed from their original site, which means valuable information about their origin and use is currently missing.

The observation of the isolated object, without the social context of which it was part, has generated a series of myths and speculations without scientific basis.

By underestimating pre-Columbian cultures, some consider how aliens created them, while others see in their incdredible shpae traces of the mythical Atlantis, navigational devices, doors between temporal dimensions and containers of esoteric energy. Take your pick.

Anthropologists Ivar Zapp and George Erikson assert that the spheres are proof that in the delta of the Diquis, a once great civilization settled down near the sea.

In their work, the Atlantis in America they argue that the petroespheres indicated marine routes, and were used as navigational instruments, and that their alignments pointed towards megalithic sites like the Columns of Hercules (Gibraltar), the pyramids of Egypt, Stonehenge, or Easter Island, suggesting that Atlanteans were related to other civilizations, and evidence of their existense is present in Costa Rica.

Source: Museo Nacional de Costa Rica

Reference: Diquis

Acquired from: Ancient Codes




« Last Edit: August 17, 2017, 03:08:29 PM by zorgon »

Offline zorgon

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Re: The Stone Spheres
« Reply #2 on: August 17, 2017, 03:36:13 PM »
Giant Stone Balls
Bosnia

 


The natural phenomenon of stone balls are present in Kaknju, Banjaluci, Teočaku, Mostaru, Olovu, Žepču, Gračanici, but for the most part they can be seen in Zavidovici.

In the municipality of Zavidovici to date about 60 stone balls have been found that are located on 11 different sites, with a focus on the following towns: -village Mramorje, then Davulije, elevation above the town and village Grab It was where the best preserved stone tombstones.

No one knows, how old they are and how they occurred. Some are convinced that the globe remains of a meteorite that once fell in this area, and others are quite seriously talking about how the balls are actually the work of some ancient civilizations. Scientists in BiH say that this is a very perplexing natural phenomena resulting after the retreat of glaciers.



They are mostly small in size, but some one meter in diameter and heavy after a few tons. The largest stone balls in Bosnia and Herzegovina diameters are about 1.5 to 2 meters, and come from villages in the Town of Zavidovici. The stone balls that can be seen in the Deep creek, in the words of the older villagers, appeared after a severe storm in 1936. Then, a stream that runs at the end of this swelled, and the water made smaller on the bottom of the ravine appeared stone balls of different sizes, from 0.5 to 1.6 m in diameter.



Today there is a 15-intact stone balls and 20 other half, and is open and Archaeological Park "Bosnian Stone Spheres" at the moment you find the largest Deep creek, 2 km from the center of Zavidovici.



By Elvira Leka

Translated from Bosnian

SOURCE:  Furaj.ba


http://www.thelivingmoon.com/43ancients/02files/Stone_Balls_Bosnia.html

Offline zorgon

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Re: The Stone Spheres
« Reply #3 on: August 17, 2017, 03:43:42 PM »
So just like the Bosnia Pyramid is NATURAL sedimentary formations (called Tessilated pavement)  it seems the Bosnian Stone Balls are also natural formations carved by the receding ice age

Here are some more natural ones in New Zealand. These are CONCRETIONS and formed differently that the ice age ones. Some concretions are shaped like UFO's :P  (See UFO Stones)

Giant Stone Balls
New Zealand




Moeraki Boulders, New Zealand

Wandering Australia, September 21, 2011

Leaving Timaru very early in sheeting rain we headed for Oamaru past delightful country side which seemed to sparkle even in the dismal weather. Past the little towns of Pareora, St Andrews, Makikihi Waimate and Glenavy we drove never without the magnificent scenery. We arrived in Oamaru just as the shops were opening which enabled us to buy a couple of weather proof ponchos to keep out the rain (a move that would prove valuable) and fill up with petrol.

We eventually arrived at the Moeraki Boulders and stopped to experience these unique, perfectly round boulders on the beach made up of rocks wrapped together in Silica and other mineral to form these huge round shapes.




The thing on the right is NOT a boulder - Its ME!


As well as the boulders, the best examples of this phenomenon found anywhere in the world, the beach was strewn with billions of shells of every kind including Pipis the size of the palm of my hand.


By Wandering Australia
http://wanderingaustralia.com.au/?p=2402

Offline zorgon

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Re: The Stone Spheres
« Reply #4 on: August 17, 2017, 03:46:27 PM »
Moeraki Boulders


The Moeraki Boulders at sunrise

The Moeraki Boulders are unusually large and spherical boulders lying along a stretch of Koekohe Beach on the wave-cut Otago coast of New Zealand between Moeraki and Hampden. They occur scattered either as isolated or clusters of boulders within a stretch of beach where they have been protected in a scientific reserve. The erosion by wave action of mudstone, comprising local bedrock and landslides, frequently exposes embedded isolated boulders. These boulders are grey-colored septarian concretions, which have been exhumed from the mudstone enclosing them and concentrated on the beach by coastal erosion.

Local Māori legends explained the boulders as the remains of eel baskets, calabashes, and kumara washed ashore from the wreck of Arai-te-uru, a large sailing canoe. This legend tells of the rocky shoals that extend seaward from Shag Point as being the petrified hull of this wreck and a nearby rocky promontory as being the body of the canoe's captain. In 1848 W.B.D. Mantell sketched the beach and its boulders, more numerous than now. The picture is now in the Alexander Turnbull Library in Wellington. The boulders were described in 1850 colonial reports and numerous popular articles since that time. In more recent times they have become a popular tourist attraction, often described and pictured in numerous web pages and tourist guides.


A cluster of highly spherical boulders
Physical character

The most striking aspect of the boulders is their unusually large size and spherical shape, with a distinct bimodal size distribution. Approximately one-third of the boulders range in size from about 0.5 to 1.0 metre (1.6 to 3.3 ft) in diameter, the other two-thirds from 1.5 to 2.2 metres (4.9 to 7.2 ft), mostly spherical or almost spherical. A small proportion of them are not spherical; being slightly elongated parallel to the bedding of the mudstone that once enclosed them.

Neither the spherical to subspherical shape or large size of the Moeraki Boulders is unique to them. Virtually identical spherical boulders, called "Koutu Boulders", are found on the beaches, in the cliffs, and beneath the surface inland of the shore of Hokianga Harbour, North Island, New Zealand, between Koutu and Kauwhare points. Like the Moeraki Boulders, the almost spherical Koutu Boulders are as large as 3 metres (10 ft) in diameter.

Similar boulder-size concretions, known as "Katiki Boulders", are found on the north-facing shore of Shag Point some 19 kilometres (12 mi) south of where the Moeraki Boulders are found. These concretions occur as both spherical cannonball concretions and flat, disk-shaped or oval concretions. Unlike the Moeraki boulders, some of these concretions contain the bones of mosasaurs and plesiosaurs.

Large spherical concretions, similar in size and shape to the Moeraki Boulders have been found elsewhere in the world. For example, large spherical concretions as large as 3 metres (10 ft) in diameter are along the Cannonball River within Morton and Sioux Counties, North Dakota. Large spherical concretions as much as 4 to 6 metres (13 to 20 ft) in diameter occur within sandstone outcrops of the Frontier Formation in northeast Utah and central Wyoming. Similar somewhat weathered and eroded giant spheroidal concretions, as large as 6 metres (20 ft) in diameter, are at Rock City in Ottawa County, Kansas. Smaller spherical concretions are found on the shore of Lake Huron near Kettle Point, Ontario, where they are known as "kettles".


A boulder, showing the hollow interior
Composition

As determined by detailed analysis of the fine-grained rock using optical mineralogy, X-ray crystallography, and electron microprobe, the boulders consist of mud, fine silt and clay, cemented by calcite. The degree of cementation varies from being relatively weak within the interior of a boulder to quite hard within its outside rim. The outside rims of the larger boulders consist of as much as 10 to 20% calcite, because the calcite not only tightly cements the silt and clay but has also replaced it to a significant degree.

The rock comprising the bulk of a boulder is riddled with large cracks called "septaria" that radiate outward from a hollow core lined with scalenohedral calcite crystals. The process or processes that created septaria within Moeraki Boulders, and in other septarian concretions, remain an unresolved matter for which a number of possible explanations have been proposed. These cracks radiate and thin outward from the centre of the typical boulder and are typically filled with an outer (early stage) layer of brown calcite and an inner (late stage) layer of yellow calcite spar, which often, but not always, completely fills the cracks. Rare Moeraki Boulders have a very thin innermost (latest stage) layer of dolomite and quartz covering the yellow calcite spar.

The composition of the Moeraki Boulders and the septaria that they contain are typical of, often virtually identical to, septarian concretions that have been found in exposures of sedimentary rocks in New Zealand and elsewhere. Pearson and Nelson (2005, 2006) describe in detail the occurrence of smaller but otherwise very similar septarian concretions within exposures of sedimentary rocks elsewhere in New Zealand. Similar septarian concretions have been found in the Kimmeridge Clay and Oxford Clay of England, and at many other locations worldwide.

Origin

The Moeraki Boulders are concretions created by the cementation of the Paleocene mudstone of the Moeraki Formation, from which they have been exhumed by coastal erosion.

The main body of the boulders started forming in what was then marine mud, near the surface of the Paleocene sea floor. This is demonstrated by studies of their composition; specifically the magnesium and iron content, and stable isotopes of oxygen and carbon. Their spherical shape indicates that the source of calcium was mass diffusion, as opposed to fluid flow.

The larger boulders, 2 metres (6.6 ft) in diameter, are estimated to have taken 4 to 5.5 million years to grow while 10 to 50 metres (33 to 164 ft) of marine mud accumulated on the seafloor above them. After the concretions formed, large cracks known as septaria formed in them. Brown calcite, yellow calcite, and small amounts of dolomite and quartz progressively filled these cracks when a drop in sea level allowed fresh groundwater to flow through the mudstone enclosing them.

SOURCE https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moeraki_Boulders

Offline zorgon

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Re: The Stone Spheres
« Reply #5 on: August 17, 2017, 03:48:39 PM »


Emerging from the cliff, as if being born from the earth, the World famous Moeraki Boulders are septerian concretions formed some 65 million years ago. Crystallization of calcium and carbonates around charged particles in muddy undersea sediments gradually formed the boulders in a process taking as long as four million years.


The soft mudstone containing the boulders was raised from the sea bed around 15 million years ago and sea erosion of the cliff is exposing the erosion-resistant boulders.

SOURCE  http://homepages.ezysurf.co.nz/%7Emiddleimage/MoerakiBoulders.html

More photos and links here
http://www.thelivingmoon.com/43ancients/02files/Stone_Balls_New_Zealand.html

Offline zorgon

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Re: The Stone Spheres
« Reply #6 on: August 17, 2017, 03:52:27 PM »
Giant Stone Balls
Diquis Delta Region, Costa Rica




The beauty of the Spheres as captured by Gerald Forster.

The Spherical History
by Tim McGuinness, Ph.D., member of the Society of American Archaeology

The spheres or stone balls first came to light during the early 1940s, discovered during excavations in the Diquis Delta region by the United Fruit Company.  Workers on these plantations found a large number of these stone spheres, some totally exposed, and other buried.  Many were severely damaged when they were found, as in many cases it was earth moving equipment that ran into them while clearing forest for banana planting.

As early as 1948, the stone spheres were deteriorating due to exposure to alternate heat and cold (93 to 97 degrees F in the shade in the winter, much hotter in the sun). The balls were subjected to the sun's heat, and rain, as well as to fire when the United Fruit Company cleared the land in the 1940s. The stone spheres received alternate light and shade under the cultivated banana trees and they were drenched weekly by irrigation when it didn't rain. Evidence of battering and cracking was seen. Falling giant tropical trees may have shattered some balls as well.

Looting was the major problem.  To such an extent that as many as 95% were taken.  Many of the smaller and medium size balls were moved to adorn parks and gardens. To this day, you can see them throughout Costa Rica in older homes, in parks, and adorning public buildings.

Another threat was the mistaken belief that they contained treasure.  Many were blasted, or split, owing to the native belief that they somehow contained gold.  In part, this was because some claimed gold was found near the balls.

The first major archeological data was published by Dr. Doris Z. Stone in 1943, then later by S.K. Lothrup in 1963.


SOURCE:  http://www.mysteryspheres.com/history.htm

Offline zorgon

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Re: The Stone Spheres
« Reply #7 on: August 17, 2017, 03:58:59 PM »
Related Links:

    Mystery Spheres of Costa Rica - by Tim McGuinness, Ph.D.
        The Spherical Facts
        The Spherical History
        Stone Sphere Photo Gallery
    Stone Balls from Costa Rica - by Edwin Quesada
    Costa rica's neglected stone spheres  - Science Frontiers
    The Stone Spheres of Costa Rica - World Mysteries
    Giant Stone Spheres of the Diquis Valley of Costa Rica - Landmarks Foundation
    Stone Balls of Costa Rica - John Hoopes
        Photo Gallery
    Museo Nacional de Costa Rica in San Jose

http://www.thelivingmoon.com/43ancients/02files/Stone_Balls_Costa_Rica.html


Photo by Daniel Brenes ©1997
Stone ball. Gardens of the National Museum, San Jose.


Photo by Edwin Quesada ©1997
This is one of the few stone balls that still can be found at its original
emplacement at the banana farm, Finca 6, near Palmar Sur.

The decade of the 1940's marked the beginning of banana production in the region of the Diquis delta, in the southern countryside of Costa Rica. While clearing the forest and digging for irrigation systems, the United Fruit Company brought to light fabulous stone balls of different sizes and weights with an impressionably exact spherical shape.

The investigations driven by Archaeologist Doris Stone during the period of 1940-1941, and those conducted by Samuel K. Lothrop years later, shed little light in their origin, age, or reason for their perfect manufacture.

Even with the most recent investigations done by several archaeologists, we keep finding the same old enigmas. Who made them and when? What was their purpose? What about the tools used to build and transport them? Perhaps those tools proposed by the Archaeologists that they themselves haven't found yet?

In spite of the fact that most of the stone balls are associated with pre-Columbian archaeological sites, there is no way to know for sure if they were made by those cultures or one that preceded them and which existence we completely ignore. It is possible to date their context but not the stone balls.


Photo by Daniel Brenes ©1997
At the time they were found, many legends talked about gold and gems hidden in the core
of the stone balls. These stories drove greedy and unscrupulous people to destroy many of them.


Photo by Edwin Quesada ©1997
The stone balls were taken from their original places in the South and were moved to other areas of the country to decorate gardens and parks. These stone balls were left in total abandonment in a solitaire street in Aserri, a neighborhood south of San Jose. Is it possible that future Archaeologists will date these stone balls in the 21st century in accordance with their present context?

They come in different sizes; from more than six feet to just a few inches in diameter.  Most of them have been removed from their original sites and placed in front yards of wealthy residences, parks, and public and private buildings all over Costa Rica as unique objects of decoration.

Theories and speculations regarding their use and purpose range from symbols of political power to representations of spaceships, cult objects, accumulators of telluric energy, or astronomical markers. The truth is that a long time will pass before a definite last word can be said regarding these fantastic stone balls, that for now are as enigmatic as the monoliths of Stonehenge or the Moais of Easter island.


Photo by Edwin Quesada ©1997
Two stone balls. Part of the group in Finca 6

"In spite of the efforts of many people and institutions supporting, protecting, and studying the stone balls of Costa Rica, there is still a lot of work to get done.

It is my intention with this website to bring awareness about these megalithic monuments that are a legacy for all humanity.

The solution to their multiple mysteries and their preservation depend mainly in our effort to stop the destruction, illegal commerce, and mobilization from their original sites. It is also necessary to start a campaign to educate the world regarding these wonderful round enigmas."

Edwin Quesada.


Photo by Edwin Quesada ©1997
Another view of the group in Finca 6, mainly conformed by four stone balls
aligned in a square in a North-South direction.


Photo by Edwin Quesada ©1997
Stone ball located at finca El Silencio, in the proximities of Palmar Sur.
With it being more than 6 feet in diameter, it is one of the biggest balls ever found.

SOURCE: Stone Balls from Costa Rica - by Edwin Quesada
http://www.geocities.com/eqm/palmar/palmar.html

http://www.thelivingmoon.com/43ancients/02files/Stone_Balls_Costa_Rica.html




Offline zorgon

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Re: The Stone Spheres
« Reply #8 on: August 17, 2017, 04:03:48 PM »
Disposition of six stone spheres on Farm 4-35C, in Costa Rica.
From Science Frontiers #52, JUL-AUG 1987. © 1987-2000 William R. Corliss



Credit: science-frontiers.com


Sphere collection at the Museo Nacional de Costa Rica in San Jose. Source


Large Sphere measuring 8 feet high. Source


Scientific Study

George P. Cittenden, who purchased the relevant land for the United Fruit Company in the 1930s, was first to note the presence of mounds and stone spheres. Dr. Doris Z. Stone visited the area in 1941 and 1943, publishing her findings in 1943. S.K. Lothrup's work stemmed from Stone's.

Dr. Stone (1943), Verneau and Rivet (1912-1922) and others discussed the distribution of stone balls, large and small, throughout the New World.  They concluded that the spheres served different functions in different areas. Large examples outside the delta area are rare. Isolated specimens up to 3 feet in diameter are known from Olmec sites in Vera Cruz Mexico. They have been reported at Zaculeu in the Guatemalan Highlands (largest 15 1/2 inches in diameter), occurring in the first level of occupation in what is regarded as Early Classic Maya.


Dr. Stone published plans of 5 sites in the Diquis Delta containing 44 stone spheres. She also reported other balls north of the Sierra Bruquena near the town of Uvita and in the flood plain of the Esquinas River. She also saw two specimens at Cavagra.

In Costa Rica, Lothrup reported stone balls in the Diquis Delta, Camaronal Island where they were on hilltops, on the hills north of the Diquis and high up in the Cordillera Bruquena that reaches about 1,000 meters in height. The most easterly group was near Piedras Blancas. 


Stone spheres (balls to Lothrup) range in diameter from a few inches to as much as 8 feet with weights ranging from only a few pounds to 16+ tons (15,000kg).  They are made of the local igneous rock (density about 3.0) with a few exceptions. Most were of a granite. They numbered in the many hundreds if not thousands. No granite is found near where the balls were found except for small water borne stones. The granite must have been transported from the mountains. The weight of the stone blocks necessary to form spheres and the work itself reveal that the spheres are clearly the work of more than one person. The time to make the spheres with primitive tools was thought to be enormous, even with large gangs working on one example.   However, as has been proven in recent years, skilled stone masons could have created spheres with a meter diameter in relatively short periods of time, with just 2 individuals.  Smaller balls 1ft-2ft could have easily been created by one individual in less than a week.

Small (10 and 24 inches) stone balls were found individually in burial mounds as well.  In at least 2 instances, balls were placed in graves indicating individual ownership. Thus these balls represented a form of wealth.  Though this may not have been the view during the period when they were being created, but may represent the perception of later generations that looted spheres had some value.

Sometimes balls occurred singly, other times in groups. The largest group known to Lothrup contained at least 45 balls. Depressions in which balls previously stood could still be detected then. Some spheres were buried.  Per John W. Hoopes, At the time of a major study undertaken in the 1950s, fifty balls were recorded as being in situ.  Today, only a handful are known to be in their original locations.


Rotundity varied, and the surfaces varied in smoothness.  Because the all context has been lost, it is all but impossible to determine over how long a period of time, these balls were being created.  It is possible that the rougher worked balls were either created before or after those of finer detail.  As is the case elsewhere, an individual group or guild may have perfected the craft, only to be copied later on by those without the skills and knowledge needed for the same level of perfection.

Per Lothrup, age of the balls is estimated according to associated pottery types. Evidence suggests the spheres represent a span of many centuries. Some are of relatively great age, others the handiwork of the 16th Century inhabitants. This suggests a stable population and cultural continuity over a long period of time.

Per local Diquis legend, the spheres represent the sun but this is not believed because disks universally represent the sun in the New World. The spheres were highly valued and probably had a religious or magical significance.  Probably successive generations labored to enlarge the number of balls in individual assemblies.   The large groups may have ritual significance as they were set in formal alignments. The lines may mark astronomical sight lines.   Although, this website author believes they had another function.


The stone balls and mounds were too heavy to move for the crews that cleared the ground for banana farming in the early 1940s. Lothrup's group found evidence that some stone spheres had been placed on top of mounds as well as groups of spheres where no trace of mounds existed at the time.

Per Lothrup, the natives of the Diquis Delta were capable stone cutters because of their great stone balls and numerous statues, but they did not apply stone cutting skills to construction of dwellings.  Per John W. Hoopes, The peoples who lived in the area where the balls are found were Chibchan speakers.  The balls have been found in association with architectural remains, such as stone walls and pavements made of river cobbles, and both whole and broken pottery vessels that are consistent with finds at other sites associated with the Aguas Buenas and Chiriquí cultures.  These are believed to represent native peoples ancestral to historical Chibchan-speaking group of southern Costa Rica.

Some new-age believers have implied that the balls may date as early as 12,000 years ago.  Per John W. Hoopes, there is no evidence to support this claim.  Since the balls cannot be dated directly by methods such as radiocarbon dating, which can be applied directly only to organic materials, the best way to date them is by stratigraphic context and associated artifacts.  Lothrop excavated one stone ball that was located in a soil layer separated from an underlying, sherd-bearing deposit that contained pottery typical of the Aguas Buenas culture (200 BC - AD 600).  In the soil immediately beneath this ball he found the broken head of a painted human figurine of the Buenos Aires Polychrome type, dated to AD 1000-1500 (examples have reportely been found associated with iron tools).  This suggests the ball was made sometime between AD 600 and 1500.


Please refer to: Lothrup, S. K , Archeology of The Diquis Delta, Costa Rica, Papers of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard, University, Vol. L1, 1963.

Dr. Tim McGuinness
Florida, 1999-2007

Also visit Dr. John W. Hoopes website for additional information.

Portions Copyright Notice: ©2000-2003 Landmarks Foundation.  All rights reserved.
http://www.landmarksfoundation.org

SOURCE:  http://www.mysteryspheres.com/history.htm

Offline zorgon

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Re: The Stone Spheres
« Reply #9 on: August 17, 2017, 04:07:33 PM »


































« Last Edit: August 17, 2017, 04:11:28 PM by zorgon »

Offline zorgon

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Re: The Stone Spheres
« Reply #10 on: August 17, 2017, 04:16:24 PM »
Giant Stone Balls
Diquis Delta Region, Costa Rica
Page Two


http://www.thelivingmoon.com/43ancients/02files/Stone_Balls_Costa_Rica_02.html



The Costa Rican Stone Balls Mystery
Posted by: Kiss Timea
Translated from Hungarian


The stone balls are at least 500 years old and were found in the 1930s in the Costa Rican jungle. The mysterious stone balls are regular geometric almost perfect spheres. These stone balls are today one of the archaeological mystery, because their time,  their purpose and origin unknown, but undoubtedly are of artificial origin. The approach adopted pursuant to the representatives of the Diquís culture made them extinct. Today, roughly 300 different sizes of stone balls found in the Delta-Diquís.



The stone balls range in size from a few centimeters diameter to 2.14 meters. The bigger ones weigh up to 15 tons. Some are gabbro granite, limestone, sandstone and granite materials as well. Their shape is perfectly spherical. One of them is engraved otherwise there are no signs or decorations. Interestingly, there was no such tools would make them. With more than 300  stone balls surely they are man made, but exactly who and for what purpose, and what tools where used to make the stone spheres, it is impossible to know.



As for the scientists to worry that a nearly perfect spherical geometric shapes these stones are formed by natural processes.  Decorations and engraved signs on the stones are not be found. The stones were found in the vicinity of these locations is not a means by which the ball had figures. The stone balls were discovered in the nineteenth century, but only in 1930 were scientific papers written.



















SOURCE:  http://latogatok.hu/print.php?news.2818





 


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